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  Subjective well-being among international students
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 Ophav:
Paterno, Alessio1, Forfatter
Harms, Lisbeth2, Vejleder
Tilknytninger:
1Det Samfundsvidenskabelige Fakultet, Københavns Universitet, København, Danmark, diskurs:7001              
2Institut for Psykologi, Det Samfundsvidenskabelige Fakultet, Københavns Universitet, København, Danmark, diskurs:7012              
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Indhold

Ukontrollerede emneord: International students; Acculturation; Subjective well-being; Qualitative research
 Abstract: International students is one - if not the most - studied of the sojourner groups. Research has focused on the affective, behavioural and cognitive aspects of the process of crossing between cultures, and tried to define which personal and social factors can predict adjustment. The dimension of well-being is conceived in some theoretical frameworks as an important sign of positive outcome for the acculturation process, but its meaning and definition are not further discussed within the specific context of cross-cultural transitions. This is the reflection of some larger issues underlying in the field of research, and the public debate on international students risks to be swayed by opinions that are not underpinned by appropriate research results.
In this thesis I tried to address these problems by conducting an explorative inquiry about the meanings given to the concept of subjective well-being by a group of exchange students. The research is based on a constructivist approach, with Kelly’s Personal Construct Psychology (1955) as the main theoretical reference. The inquiry has been an attempt to replicate and contextualize a study conducted by Armezzani and Paduanello (2013) on a group of young Italian students, employing an innovative methodology for qualitative research based on a clinical interview model originally developed by Landfield (1971). The research involved 20 international psychology student between 19 and 25 years old, and due to spend at least one semester at the University of Copenhagen.
Through the analysis of the interviews it has been possible to identify 4 different approaches to subjective well-being. The results put into question the mainstream conceptions of subjective well-being found in the literature, as they challenge the idea that well-being is a generalizable and universally recognizable phenomenon deriving from a specific set of factors or causes. At the same time they also draw more attention on the fact that different aspects of the acculturation process can have different importance for different persons. My findings can be seen as an indication of the fact that the situatedness of subjective well-being needs to be taken into account when planning interventions and policies for international students living in Denmark.
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ALESSIO.pdf (Hovedtekst)
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Copyright dato:
2014-07-28
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De fulde rettigheder til dette materiale tilhører forfatteren.
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Basal

Bogmærk denne post: https://diskurs.kb.dk/item/diskurs:59906:1
 Type: Speciale
Alternativ titel: A qualitative study at the University of Copenhagen
Alternativ titel: Subjektivt velvære blandt internationale studerende
Alternativ titel: En kvalitativ undersøgelse på Københavns Universitet
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Detaljer

Sprog: English - eng
 Datoer: 2014-03-03
 Sider: -
 Publiceringsinfo: København : Københavns Universitet
 Indholdsfortegnelse: 1. INTRODUCTION . 7
1.1 The current debate about student migration . 7
1.2 Goals of the present research . 9
2. THEORETICAL BACKGROUND OF THE RESEARCH . 12
2.1 Well-being in research on international students: cross-cultural psychology 12
2.2 Empirical approaches to well-being: issues in definition, theorization, measurement 17
2.3 Epistemological considerations about research in the subjective domain . 20
2.4 Personal Construct Psychology 24
3. RESEARCH METHOD . 28
3.1 Participants . 28
3.2 Data collection: the Pyramid Procedure . 28
3.3 Strengths and shortcomings of the method 32
4. DATA ANALYSIS AND PRESENTATION OF OUTCOMES . 33
4.1 Pyramid categorization . 33
4.2 Interconstructs and well-being styles . 36
4.3 Cross-sectional similarities 39
4.4 Beyond the interviews 41
5. DISCUSSION 43
5.1 Findings and comparison with Armezzani & Paduanello’s styles . 43
5.2 Situatedness of subjective well-being 45
5.3 Interpretation of the styles in light of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs 47
5.4 The findings’ contribution to the field of acculturation studies . 50
5.5 The findings’ contribution to the field of well-being studies . 52
6. CONCLUSION 55
6.1 Summary of results . 55
6.2 Recommendations for intervention 56
References 58
Figures
Fig .2.1 – The acculturation process and its influencing factors 13
Fig. 3.1 – Structure of Landfield’s pyramid interview 29
Fig. 3.2 – A completed pyramid 31
Tables
Tab.4.1 – Number of interconstructs and resulting styles of well-being . 36
Tab.4.2 – Distribution of cross-sectional meanings . 40
Appendix
Appendix A 66
 Note: -
 Type: Speciale
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