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  Regulering af Next-Generation-Networks
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 Ophav:
Nørgaard, Casper Hvilsted1, Forfatter
Frederiksen, John2, Vejleder
Tilknytninger:
1Det Samfundsvidenskabelige Fakultet, Københavns Universitet, København, Danmark, diskurs:7001              
2Økonomisk Institut, Det Samfundsvidenskabelige Fakultet, Københavns Universitet, København, Danmark, diskurs:7014              
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Indhold

Ukontrollerede emneord: Telecommunications, Regulation, Next generation networks, next generation access, broadband
 Abstract: The rollout of next generation internet has been a politically hot topic after the turn of the millennium. After the turn of the millennium, the western countries have looked upon the rollout of next-generation-networks in South-East-Asia with disbelief and envy. The average download and upload speeds offered to end-users in these countries quickly eclipsed even the highest available download speeds to customers in Europe and in regards to upload speeds, it was not even a fair fight.

Studies showed how this high-speed internet changed societies and created growth – growth a stagnated Europe desperately needed after going through a tough economic crisis. The big companies of tomorrow are being founded today in places with access to high-speed internet, and that place is not Europe.

This of course have European politicians worried. Therefore, the European Commission issued “Europe 2020”, a ten-year strategy for bringing “smart, sustainable, inclusive growth” to Europe by coordinating national and European policy better.

One of the flagship initiatives from Europe 2020 are some ambitious goals regarding high-speed internet access in Europe. By the year 2020, all end-users in Europe should have a 30 Mbps connection and 50% of all European households should subscribe to a 100 Mbps connection. This could be done by applying Fibre To The Home or Fibre To The Curb to all households in Europe, but at the moment almost no fibre had been rolled out. The copper network was still the primary access mechanism used to provide internet to Europeans.

To achieve this the rollout of high-speed internet access had to take off. The primary focus of the regulation so far had been to reduce the effect monopoly-network-companies had on the society. By regulating against the Significant Market Player and local loop unbundling and provide bit stream access to accessseekers the effects of the monopoly-companies is reduced.

The goal of the regulation was therefore not to create incitement to invest in next-generation-networks.
The European Commission has, in an effort to create incitement for investing in next-generation-networks, published a Recommendation for the National Regulatory Authorities’ in each member country to create a single, predictably legal framework for the companies to invest in.

The objective of this thesis is to understand and evaluate this Recommendation. What instruments are the European Commission using to promote investment and what are the consequences’ if any on competition. To understand and interpreted the instruments used one has to know, on a basic level, how the network works and the economics at play, so the thesis explains these.

This thesis finds, that the Recommendation made by the European Commission have good chances of succeeding in stimulating investments in NGA, but NGA faces tough competition from other platforms.
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Tilgængelighed:
Offentlig
Mime-type / størrelse:
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Copyright dato:
2014-07-22
Copyright information:
De fulde rettigheder til dette materiale tilhører forfatteren.
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Basal

Bogmærk denne post: https://diskurs.kb.dk/item/diskurs:59883:1
 Type: Speciale
Alternativ titel: Europa Kommissionens anbefaling 2013
Alternativ titel: Next-Generation-Networks
Alternativ titel: The European Commissions Recommendation 2013
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Detaljer

Sprog: Danish - dan
 Datoer: 2014-06-02
 Sider: -
 Publiceringsinfo: København : Københavns Universitet
 Indholdsfortegnelse: 1. Problemformulering . 7
2. Terminologi 7
3. Indledning 7
4. Hvad er NGN? . 8
4.1 Optisk fiber . 8
4.2 Kobber 10
4.3 Kabelmodem 11
4.4 Mobilt bredbånd 11
4.5 Acces- og backbonenetværket . 11
5. Hvorfor en anbefaling? 12
5.1 Digital agenda for Europe 12
5.2 Status for udrulningen af bredbånd i EU . 13
5.3 Bredbånd og vækst 14
5.4 Hvorfor er Europa bagud? . 15
5.5 Anbefalingen i 2010 . 15
6. Anbefalingen i 2013 . 16
6.1 Anbefalingens motiver . 16
6.2 Anbefalingens retslige status . 16
7. Hvorfor regulering? 17
7.1 Monopoliserede virksomheder og bandwagon effects . 17
7.2 The Ladder of Investment 19
8. Acces-prisens komponenter 21
8.1 Omkostninger i inkrementet 21
8.2 Omfang og foranledighed 22
8.3 Inkrementet 22
8.4 Mål for omkostninger i inkrementet . 24
8.5 Opsummering . 26
8.6 Omkostningsgrundlag 26
8.7 Afskrivning 32
9. Ikke-forskelsbehandling-begreber . 37
9.1 Acces-produkter . 37
9.2 Key Performance Indicator (KPI) 38
9.3 Ex ante og ex post margin squeeze test 38
9.4 Technical replicability test . 40
10. WIK-model – fra de nye aktørers synspunkt. 40
10.1 Model . 40
10.2 Netværksopbygning . 40
10.3 Efterspørgsel 40
10.4 Omkostningsstruktur 41
10.5 Stadier i modellen 41
10.6 Resultater . 42
10.7 Mål i forhold til Digital Agenda for Europe 43
11. Plums tilgang 43
11.1 Model . 44
11.2 Netværksopbygning . 44
11.3 Efterspørgsel 44
11.4 Omkostningsstruktur 44
11.5 Resultater . 44
11.6 Mål i forhold til Digital Agenda for Europe 46
12. Sammenfatning af Wik og Plums studier 46
13. Charles Rivers Associates’ model og tilgang 48
13.1 Resultater . 48
13.2 Saminvesteringer som løsning? . 49
13.3 Ingen regulering af NGA som løsning? . 50
14. Konkurrenceoptimering eller investment optimering 50
14.1 Regulering til løsning af konkurrenceproblemer . 50
14.2 Kritik . 52
14.3 Sammenfatning 53
14.4. Regulering til løsning af investeringsproblemer . 53
14.5 Kritik . 54
14.6 Sammenfatning 55
15. Europa Kommissionens anbefaling 2013 55
15.1 Ikke-forskelsbehandling . 55
15.2 Omkostningsmetode 58
15.3 Sammenfatning 61
16. Afrunding . 62
17. Konklusion 62
18. Referencer 63
 Note: -
 Type: Speciale
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