Kina og de afrikanske pariaer
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Nielsen, Berit1, Forfatter
Stenbjørn, Katinka1, Forfatter
Heurlin, Bertel, Vejleder
1Det Samfundsvidenskabelige Fakultet, Københavns Universitet, København, Danmark, diskurs:7001              
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Ukontrollerede emneord: Kina, Afrika, udenrigspolitik, pariastat, neoklassisk realisme, strategi, unipol, kerneinteresser
 Abstract: In the last two decades, China’s presence on the African continent has grown tremendously. More interestingly, China’s relations with so-called pariah states in Africa have grown rapidly despite widespread and massive pressure from the US on China to stop this engagement.
The objective of this thesis is to answer the question: “How can neoclassical realism explain China’s foreign policy towards pariah states in Africa”. To answer this, we develop a theoretical framework that combines neoclassical realism and its two-level analysis with the ends-ways-means methodology of strategic theory. This analytical framework is then applied to a multiple case study in which we explore and explain China’s recent foreign policy behavior in Sudan and Zimbabwe.
After discussing the generalizability of our results from the casestudies, we argue that China’s foreign policy towards pariah states in Africa is affected and shaped by systemic and internal pressure. China’s strategic behavior is thus a result of China seeking to ensure their core interests, namely economic growth and linked to this resource security, while maneuvering within the pressure of systemic economic survival, systemic pressure from the unipole, USA, and internal pressure linked to regime vulnerability and social cohesion. We identify three central tendencies in China’s foreign policy towards pariah states in Africa: 1) Economic survival is the main driver of China’s foreign policy on both the systemic and internal level, 2) The pressure from the unipole is tackled by China in various ways depending on which way will most effectively ensure China’s core interest, 3) China shows some flexibility in their Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence in the foreign policy towards pariah states in Africa. Overall, we find that neoclassical realism – especially combined with strategic theory – is very suitable for analyses of China’s foreign policy towards pariah states in Africa, and we suggest future research to apply the same theoretical framework to other aspects of China’s foreign policy.
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Bogmærk denne post:
 Type: Speciale
Alternativ titel: En neoklassisk realistisk analyse af Kinas udenrigspolitik over for pariastater i Afrika
Alternativ titel: China and the African pariahs
Alternativ titel: A neoclassical realist analysis of China's foreign policy towards pariah states in Africa
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Sprog: Danish - dan
 Datoer: 2014-03-28
 Sider: -
 Publiceringsinfo: København : Københavns Universitet
 Indholdsfortegnelse: -
 Note: -
 Type: Speciale
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