Debriefing -En analyse af formål og effekter
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Humle, Maja Sofie1, Forfatter
Bork Mathiesen, Birgit2, Vejleder
1Det Samfundsvidenskabelige Fakultet, Københavns Universitet, København, Danmark, diskurs:7001              
2Institut for Psykologi, Det Samfundsvidenskabelige Fakultet, Københavns Universitet, København, Danmark, diskurs:7012              
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Ukontrollerede emneord: Debriefing, psykologisk debriefing, CISD, CISM, effekter, formål
 Abstract: Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to investigate the effect of debriefing on persons who have undergone a potentially traumatic experience (PTE). My thesis has been guided by the following research questions: What is the purpose of debriefing, and what are the derived effects? Debriefing was originally developed as a type of crisis intervention for specially trained groups, such as firemen, police officers etc. Today, this method is widely used as a group or individual intervention in many other critical situations than those for which it was originally intended. I have chosen not to focus on whether or not debriefing can prevent post-traumatic stress syndrome (PTSD), since the conclusions of a Cochrane review published in 2009 are that debriefing cannot prevent PTSD. Consequently, I find it interesting to look at what other effects debriefing might have.

Method: I have carried out semi-structured interviews with two crisis psychologists, both of whom have a great deal of experience with performing debriefing. In addition to this, I analyze three studies of whether or not debriefing can influence sick leave, alcohol abuse, subclinical depression, subclinical anxiety, and subclinical PTSD. By employing narrative psychology, I investigate another possible effect of debriefing, i.e. the commencement of a shareable narrative that one can share with others. In support of this hypothesis, I use J. Bruner’s and D. McAdams’ understanding of “the personal myth”, “the narrative tone”, and cognitive “framing”. Furthermore, I introduce a study that links the creation of a coherent life narrative with psychological wellbeing.

Results: The three studies find empirical evidence of a positive effect on sick leave, alcohol abuse and subclinical symptoms. I add to these findings the possibility of an effect that can be the commencement of a shareable narrative of the PTE, based on the link between the creation of a coherent narrative and psychological wellbeing.

Conclusion: The results of this paper suggest that there may be some effects of debriefing that have not been studied properly yet. More specifically, there is a need for more research on whether or not there exists a link between receiving a debriefing and creating a shareable narrative.
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 Type: Speciale
Alternativ titel: Debriefing -An analysis of purpose and effects
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Sprog: Danish - dan
 Datoer: 2014-03-03
 Sider: -
 Publiceringsinfo: København : Københavns Universitet
 Indholdsfortegnelse: -
 Note: -
 Type: Speciale
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