Power and Participation
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Bjørch-Haderup, Lasse1, Forfatter
Bang, Henrik2, Vejleder
1Det Samfundsvidenskabelige Fakultet, Københavns Universitet, København, Danmark, diskurs:7001              
2Institut for Statskundskab, Det Samfundsvidenskabelige Fakultet, Københavns Universitet, København, Danmark, diskurs:7003              
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Ukontrollerede emneord: Power Participation Foucault Easton Security Governmentality consensus conflict
 Abstract: This thesis explores the theoretical possibility of containing newly emerged forms of participatory political practices through a combined framework of systems theory and theory of governmentality. In recent years participation studies have identified these new participatory political practices as taking place outside a traditional governmental locus. Nevertheless empirical studies show that participants themselves consider their practice political. However, the theoretical question remains whether these practices qualify as “political”. This thesis asserts that the discussion should be taken from a participation- to a macro-level of democratic theory in order to comprehend the full scale of the incompatibility between theory and practice. On this level, it is argued that both radical and liberal democracy theory lack the ability to contain this new political reality due to a notion of the political as either a matter of conflict or consensus. As both notions relate the political to an inherently negative concept of power that restricts political participation to a governmental locus, they both discard the aforementioned new extra-governmental practices as non-political. Consensus theory defines political participation as oriented towards formal decision-making and conflict theory defines political participation as resistance against the formal structures of power. It is against this backdrop that this thesis explores an alternative framework for understanding the “political” through a combination of David Easton’s political systems theory and Michel Foucault’s theory of governmentality. This is possible due to a shared anti-foundationalist approach to the study of political life and a shared notion of the political. I argue that new forms of political participation can be theoretically contained in Easton’s political system that revolves around all events, decisions, actions, and behavior oriented towards the authoritative articulation and allocation of values, material as well as immaterial, for a society. In this view, the political is not a matter of consensus or conflict, but accept/non-accept of output. As such, politics and government is a matter not of supplying commands and obedience based on aggregate demands of the public, but a matter of making a difference through relations to the political community. It is further argued that Foucault’s notion of power as a mechanism of security can elaborate extensively on the Easton’s systemic conceptualization of the positive relations of power between government and community.
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Bogmærk denne post:
 Type: Speciale
Alternativ titel: Exploring the possibility of understanding new participatory practice as “political” – through theory of David Easton and Michel Foucault
Alternativ titel: Magt og Deltagelse
Alternativ titel: Undersøgelse af muligheden for at forstå ny deltagelsespraksis som "politisk" – med teori af David Easton og Michel Foucault
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Sprog: English - eng
 Datoer: 2014-02-20
 Sider: -
 Publiceringsinfo: København : Københavns Universitet
 Indholdsfortegnelse: -
 Note: -
 Type: Speciale
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