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 Ophav:
Michelsen, Ingeborg1, Forfatter
Hoff, Jens2, Vejleder
Tilknytninger:
1Det Samfundsvidenskabelige Fakultet, Københavns Universitet, København, Danmark, diskurs:7001              
2Institut for Statskundskab, Det Samfundsvidenskabelige Fakultet, Københavns Universitet, København, Danmark, diskurs:7003              
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Indhold

Ukontrollerede emneord: Vedvarende energi, systemtransformation, korporatisme
 Abstract: Denmark has the ambition to be independent of fossil fuels in 2050. In the short term, the ambition is to have 50 per cent of all electricity consumption provided by wind power by 2020. This target was settled in an agreement between almost all parties in the Danish Par- liament in 2012. To achieve this goal will require fundamental technological and institutional changes in the energy sector. There is consensus among academics as well as professionals that to induce such a system transformation, political support and guidance are required (jf. Regeringen, 2011; DONG Energy, 2013; Verbong and Loorbach, 2012; Kemp, 2010). However, disagreements exist over the concrete policies and technology options. If 50 per cent of the energy comes from wind power, where is the remaining 50 percent to come from?
The formulation of long-term goals is the first building block on the road to become independent of fossil fuels (Foxon and Pearson, 2008). But in order to achieve these goals, concrete policies need to be implemented. A recent trend has been to use the concept of system transformation as a theoretical framework to assist policy-makers in designing appropriate intervention strategies (Smith et al., 2005; Geels, 2011; Verbong and Geels, 2010). System transformation possesses a holistic approach to policy-making, which is required to create a system that is independent of fossil fuels.
This thesis contributes to the current debate on system transformation by asking a two-fold question: what are the options for a transformation to renewable energy in the electricity sector in Denmark, and how do different actors try to influence the decision making process? The thesis combines the theory of system transformation with the theory of corporatism from political science in a theoretical framework that is tailored to answer this question.
The different technological and institutional options include: extension of the transboundary interconnectors, backup capacity from other sources of renewable energy, and flexible energy consumption. There is no silver bullet, so it is most likely that all options will be part of the Danish energy transition path to some extent. However, as choices are made between the different options, a path-dependency arises. Choices made between technological and institutional options now, will make it harder to change the transition path in the future. Through elite-interviews with eleven regime-actors, who are the dominant actors in the current energy-system, this thesis shows that transboundary interconnectors and biomass are the preferred options among the regime-actors of the Danish energy sector. The thesis also shows that the regime actors who come from economic interest organisations, have more influence than those from environmental interest organisations due to their capacities within finance and knowledge. The thesis concludes that Denmark is set on a sub-optimal transition path because of the pressure on the policy makers from the regime actors who have an interest in their technology remaining the dominant design.
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Copyright dato:
2014-01-24
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Basal

Bogmærk denne post: https://diskurs.kb.dk/item/diskurs:59318:1
 Type: Speciale
Alternativ titel: En politologisk analyse af Danmarks omstilling til vedvarende energikilder i elforsyningen
Alternativ titel: As the wind blows?
Alternativ titel: A political analysis of Denmark's transition to renewable energy in the electricity sector
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Detaljer

Sprog: Danish - dan
 Datoer: 2013-08-08
 Sider: -
 Publiceringsinfo: København : Københavns Universitet
 Indholdsfortegnelse: INDLEDNING12
Problemformulering 14
Teori 15
Analysedesign .16
Forventede konklusioner .16
Afgrænsning 17
Definition af væsentlige begreber .17
Læseguide18
KAPITEL 1: DEN POLITISKE KONTEKST19
1.1 Energipolitikken i Danmark 19
1.2 Målet om fossil uafhængighed 20
1.3 Energiaftalen fra 2012.20
1.4 Efterspillet .21
1.5 Opsummering 22
KAPITEL 2: OVERGANGEN TIL VEDVARENDE ENERGI23
2.1 Problemet med en mere fluktuerende energiforsyning .23
2.2 Fremtidens energiforsyning.25
2.3 Opsummering 26
KAPITEL 3: TEORI 27
3.1 Carbon lock-in.28
3.2 Systemtransformation29
3.2.1 Multi-Level Perspective (MLP) 31
3.2.2 Inkrementelle eller radikale løsninger 33
3.2.3 Skal man vælge vindere? 34
3.2.4 Sti-afhængighed 35
3.2.5 Den adaptive kapacitet 36
3.2.6 Opsummering af systemtransformation 36
3.3 Korporatisme og interessevaretagelse i Danmark.37
3.3.1 Aktør-antagelser . 38
3.3.2 Interesseorganisationer . 38
3.3.3 Korporatisme I: Institutionaliseret inddragelse – et bytteperspektiv 39
3.3.4 Korporatisme II: Formel og uformel indflydelse . 41
3.3.5 Opsummering af korporatisme og interessevaretagelse i Danmark . 41
3.4 Opsummering 42
KAPITEL 4: METODE.43
4.1 Videnskabsteori .43
4.2 Forskningsdesign.44
4.2.1 Caseudvælgelse, analyseenhed og den kvalitative metode 44
4.2.2 Validitet og reliabilitet 45
4.2.3 Kildegrundlag . 45
4.3 Analysestrategi 48
4.3.1 Interviewguiden og interviewsituationen . 49
4.3.2 Analyse af data . 50
4.4 Opsummering 51
KAPITEL 5: ANALYSE I .52
5.1 Udlandsforbindelser 52
5.1.1 Inkrementel løsning 53
5.1.2 Skepsis for den inkrementelle løsning 54
5.2 Biomasse .56
5.2.1 En kontroversiel løsningsmekanisme . 56
5.2.2 Sti-afhængighed 57
5.2.3 Regime-aktørernes position 59
5.2.4 ”Pick the loser”. 61
5.3 Nicheteknologier .61
5.3.1 Fra niche til regime-niveau. 62
5.4 Lagring 64
5.4.1 Radikal løsning . 64
5.4.2 Inkrementel løsning 65
5.5 Fleksibelt elforbrug .65
5.5.1 Inkrementel løsning 66
5.5.2 I konkurrence med andre transitionsstier 67
5.6 Carbon lock-in.68
5.6.1 Sti-afhængighed 68
5.6.2 Position . 69
5.6 Delkonklusion .71
KAPITEL 6: ANALYSE II73
6.1 Korporatisme I: institutionaliseret inddragelse – et bytteperspektiv.73
6.1.1 Klimakommissionen. 74
6.1.2 Ressourcer og viden 75
6.1.3 Legitimitet 78
6.1.4 Ministerens chancer i Folketinget. 79
6.2 Korporatisme II: formel og uformel kontakt.81
6.2.1 Formel interessevaretagelse 81
6.2.2 Uformel interessevaretagelse 82
6.2.3 Indirekte kontakt gennem medierne . 83
6.3 Delkonklusion .84
KAPITEL 7: KONKLUSION OG PERSPEKTIVERING 86
Konklusioner .86
Policy-anbefalinger .88
Fremtidig forskning.89
APPENDIKS A: INTERVIEWGUIDE FOR (EKS-)MINISTER .90
APPENDIKS B: INTERVIEWGUIDE FOR KLIMAKOMMISSIONEN.91
APPENDIKS C: INTERVIEWGUIDE FOR EN INTERESSEORGANISATION.92
APPENDIKS D: ENERGINET.DK’S STRATEGIKONFERENCE 93
APPENDIKS E: TRANSSKRIBEREDE INTERVIEWS 100
LITTERATURLISTE101
 Note: -
 Type: Speciale
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