Sindslidelsen OCD og dens indvirkning på de OCD-ramtes sociale relationer
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Harrev, Sisse Bøgeberg1, Forfatter
Madsen, Allan2, Vejleder
1Det Samfundsvidenskabelige Fakultet, Københavns Universitet, København, Danmark, diskurs:7001              
2Sociologisk Institut, Det Samfundsvidenskabelige Fakultet, Københavns Universitet, København, Danmark, diskurs:7013              
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Ukontrollerede emneord: OCD, sindslidelse, sociale relationer, coping, mestring
 Abstract: Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Is a mental illness which often goes unnoticed and is undiagnosed. It causes a person to have recurrent and unwanted ideas and impulses that brings about an anxiety in those affected by it. These obsessions and compulsions are senseless, repetitive, distressing, and often so comprehensive that the illness becomes literally disabling.

Allthough many international as well as Danish studies examine the outbreak of OCD and the treatment options for those affected by it, hardly any focus has been given to the social consequences followed by the mental illness. This is in spite of the fact that American, English and German scientific studies emphasises that OCD can have a severely negative impact on the quality of life for people suffering from the illness.

The aim of this empirical dissertation is to explore the impact of OCD on the social relations of those affected by the illnes as well as the social coping strategies they apply to cope with the social challenges they face due to their OCD. The foundation of the dissertation is a phenomenological interview with five persons and an examination of three autobiographical accounts. Primary attention has been given to the qualitative interviews as these they were designed to focus upon the exact approach of this dissertation.

My examination reveals that OCD mainly has a negative impact on the social relations which causes a diminution in the quality of life for people suffering from OCD. By applying Thomas Scheff's theoretical hypothesis concerning the relation between pride, shame and the social bond, I argue that the negative impact of OCD can be seen as a result of shame as the persons affected by OCD sees themselves negatively evaluated by others whether this is imagined or real. Examples of these situations that weakens the social bond are when the persons affected by OCD feels rejected, ridiculed or stigmatized. However, if they experience themselves being positively evaluated by others they will feel pride which contributes to strengthen the social bond. An example of this is when feeling accepted and aknowledged by others.

When experiencing social challenges the persons affected by OCD is prompted to apply social coping strategies in order to cope with the distress they feel from this. Inspired by Richard Lazarus I believe that my informers apply two kinds of coping strategies: problem-focused and emotion-focused. Both strategies can strengthen their social relations or have the opposite effect depending on the specific situation. Though the mentally disabled apply a variety of strategies comprising frankness, challenging themselves and withdraw socially, the most common strategy is when the informers take on a facade in order to meet the expectations of others or the social norms of the specific situation.
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 Type: Speciale
Alternativ titel: Berigelser, udfordringer og sociale copingstrategier
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Sprog: Danish - dan
 Datoer: 2013-12-10
 Sider: -
 Publiceringsinfo: København : Københavns Universitet
 Indholdsfortegnelse: -
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 Type: Speciale
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