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Bleeg Christiansen, Stine1, Forfatter
Janne, Skakon2, Vejleder
1Det Samfundsvidenskabelige Fakultet, Københavns Universitet, København, Danmark, diskurs:7001              
2Institut for Psykologi, Det Samfundsvidenskabelige Fakultet, Københavns Universitet, København, Danmark, diskurs:7012              
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Ukontrollerede emneord: stress, recovery, sport, præstation, atleter
 Abstract: Athletes train hard in order to reach a level of optimal performance. Demands on athletes are high and they need to be focused and balanced. If their concentration fails, they will not succeed. Coaches of the top athletes in Denmark have experienced that athletes lose their energy during longer competitions. This is especially of concern because the semifinals and finals are played during the latter stages of a longer competition. If coaches had more knowledge of the state of athletes during competition, they may be able aid them in sustaining athletic performance. In order to gain further knowledge of the state of athletes during longer competitions, this master thesis will explore the stress-recovery state of four volleyball players during their play-offs. This includes their performance and mood, as well as which recovery strategies the athletes use and with what purpose they were being used. A mixed-research method based on a diary study is used to get an in-depth knowledge of the stress-recovery state. The questionnaire RestQ-Sport gives an insight to the athletes stress-recovery balance during the last three days of competition. Interviews at both the halfway point and post-competition provide an opportunity to explore the results of the questionnaire even further. The results of the study were compared to prior research, as well as three models: The Demand-Control-Support model, the Conservation of Resources model and the Scissors model. The models view stress and recovery as situated both within the individual and their surrounding environment. The results of the case studies indicate that various factors are at stake during play-offs. These factors include: Relations with teammates and the coaching staff, organizational communication, the subjects’ mood and choice of recovery strategies. The Scissors model is a sport specific model that has had few theoretical revisions. The master thesis revises the model based on the results. It is recommended that athletes gain knowledge regarding both psychological recovery and performance strategies. Recovery strategies need to be planned, so they function as proactive strategies as well as reactive strategies. It is also recommended that the sports organization and coaching staff focus on communicating with the athletes. Demands and expectations needs to be explicit and they need to state team goals in order to facilitate self efficacy. The subjects look for leadership and guidance through their coaches. The coaches need to be reflective about their practices and relations with the athletes. Further studies are recommended from the perspective of coaches and organizations.
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Bogmærk denne post:
 Type: Speciale
Alternativ titel: Atleters stress og recovery
Alternativ titel:  
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Sprog: Danish - dan
 Datoer: 2014-01-02
 Sider: -
 Publiceringsinfo: København : Københavns Universitet
 Indholdsfortegnelse: Indholdsfortegnelse
Abstract . 5
1. Indledning 6
1.1 Problemformulering . 7
1.2 Begrebsdefinition . 8
1.3 Afgrænsning . 9
1.4 Specialets opbygning .10
2. Genstandsområde.10
2.1 Atleter som population .10
2.2 Atletspecifikke stressorer 11
2.3 Atletspecifikke copingstrategier 13
2.4 Recovery-strategier .13
Psykologiske recovery-aktiviteter 13
Øvrige recovery-aktiviteter .15
3. Teori .15
3.1 De tre modeller .15
3.2 Placering af modellerne i et videnskabsteoretisk perspektiv 16
4. Self-efficacy 17
4.1 Atleten og self-efficacy 18
5. Demand/control/support modellen 19
5.1 Atleten og DCS 21
5.2 Begrænsninger i DCS .22
6. Conservation of Ressources model 23
6.1 Atleten og COR 24
6.2 Begrænsninger i COR .25
7. Stress-recovery model i sport: Scissors modellen 26
7.1 Begrænsninger ved Scissors modellen .29
8. Optimal præstationsarousal 29
9. Projektets hypoteser .30
9.1 Hypotese 1 30
9.2 Hypotese 2 31
9.3 Hypotese 3 32
9.4 Hypotese 4 33
10. Metode .34
10.1 En mixed methods tilgang .34
10.2 Projektets metode videnskabsteoretisk .35
11. Dataindsamling .36
11.1 Informanter.36
11.2 Dataindsamling .37
11.3 RestQ-Sport.38
11.4 Semistruktureret interview .40
11.5 Dataanalyse 41
12. Resultater .42
12.1 PG .42
12.2 PB .46
12.3 AG .50
12.4 AS .54
12.5 Sammenfatning .57
13. Diskussion .58
13.1 Hypotese 1: En ubalance i stress-recovery tilstanden vil hæmme atletens subjektive opfattelse af sin præstation 59
13.2 Hypotese 2: De med høj recovery anvender recovery-strategier systematisk med fokus på afslapningsøvelser og aktiv recovery. 62
13.3 Hypotese 3: En ubalance i stress-recovery vil påvirke atletens humør, hvilket vil påvirke atletens præstationsopfattelse .65
13.4 Hypotese 4: Stress-recovery balancen er mere stabil hos de professionelle informanter end ved amatørerne.71
13.5 Scissors modellen – forslag til revidering .73
13.6 Praktiske konsekvenser .76
14. Undersøgelsens begrænsninger 77
14.1 RestQ-Sport.77
14.2 Interview .78
14.3 Generaliserbarhed 78
14.4 Udfordringer ved sammenligning på tværs af grupper .79
15. Fremtidig forskning .80
 Note: -
 Type: Speciale
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