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  Politiske løsninger – fundamentet for fred?
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 Ophav:
Ørskov, Emil Bjørn1, Forfatter
Bayer Tygesen, Christian2, Vejleder
Tilknytninger:
1Det Samfundsvidenskabelige Fakultet, Københavns Universitet, København, Danmark, diskurs:7001              
2Institut for Statskundskab, Det Samfundsvidenskabelige Fakultet, Københavns Universitet, København, Danmark, diskurs:7003              
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Indhold

Ukontrollerede emneord: konflikthåndtering, international intervention
 Abstract: Since the establishment of the United Nations and with the central role of the organisation in the creation of an Israeli nation in former Palestine, the responsibility, duty and purpose of international engagements in foreign conflicts has been of central importance to international relations. Especially the ability to obtain political settlements and the success of these settlements has taken centre stage in intellectual discussions. Presently recent debates on how the international community are to react to the escalating Syrian civil conflict have inspired this analysis to investigate the effect of a political settlement on the risk of short-term residual violence after an international UN intervention. As a result the central question of this analysis is whether an internationally cultivated political settlement has an effect on the short-term level of combat and thus can foster peace.
On the basis of acknowledged conflict literature a political settlement is defined as a single isolated event in time that ends the fighting and thus brings a conflict from the conflict phase to a post-conflict phase. Following this definition the effects of two kinds of political settlements on the short-term level of violence are investigated in the analysis: peace agreements and partitions.
With a few exceptions the effects of political settlements are investigated within all military UN interventions in conflicts from the end of the Cold War in 1989 up to the latest available data in 2010.
To do a comprehensive investigation of the connection between political settlements and residual violence both quantitative and qualitative tools as prescribed by Ewan Liebermann in his presentation of “Nested Analysis” are used in the analysis. First a bivariate large-N regression is conducted to get an initial sense of the strength and relevance of the connection. From the results in the initial statistical analysis Angola and Mozambique are selected for further qualitative investigation of the effect of control variables in a “Most Similar Systems Design”. Finally a multivariate regression is conducted in which relevant control variables are included in the full model.
The initial bivariate analysis finds that there are significant effects from political settlements on the level of short-term residual violence in conflicts with an UN intervention. However in the qualitative investigation of control variables it is not possible to exclude the effect of socio economical factors and in the final multivariate regression it becomes clear that political settlements are an intermediate variable for the effect of oil and natural resources production. Size and importance of oil and natural resources production is thus crucial for the possibilities of political settlements. The larger the production of natural resources the harder it is to find a political settlement and as a result to bring down the short-term level of violence.
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Copyright dato:
2013-12-06
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Basal

Bogmærk denne post: https://diskurs.kb.dk/item/diskurs:59152:2
 Type: Speciale
Alternativ titel: ’Mixed method’-analyse af sammenhængen mellem politiske løsninger og kortsigtet fred efter en international, militær intervention i en konflikt
Alternativ titel: Political settlements - the foundation for peace?
Alternativ titel: "Mixed-method" analysis of the connection between political settlements and short-term peace after an international military intervention in a conflict
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Detaljer

Sprog: Danish - dan
 Datoer: 2013-08-07
 Sider: -
 Publiceringsinfo: København : Københavns Universitet
 Indholdsfortegnelse: Abstract 2
Resume . 2
Abbreviations . 3
Figures and Tables . 3
1. Introduction 4
2. Theory 8
2.1. Three Approaches to Foreign Economic Policy Analysis 8
2.1.1. System and Language 9
2.1.2. Society and Language 11
2.1.3. State and Language 14
2.2. Theoretical Divides and Reinterpretations 15
3. Research Design . 18
3.1. Methodological Reservations 18
3.2. Defining and Defying Crisis and Protectionism . 19
3.3. Framing Analyses and Political Language . 22
3.4. Data – Representing Foreign Economic Policy Discourse . 25
3.4.1. Case Selection – Great Powers in Great Crises . 27
4. Analysis 29
4.1. The Great Depression, Great Recession and (Not So) Great Comparison . 29
4.1.1. “Tariff Wars” and Debates . 30
4.1.1.1. Framing the Tariff Issue 1929-34 . 30
4.1.1.2. Framing the Tariff Issue 2007-13 . 33
4.1.2. “Currency Wars” and Debates . 37
4.1.2.1. Framing the Devaluation Issue 1929-34 . 37
4.1.2.2. Framing the Devaluation Issue 2007-13 . 39
4.1.1.3. International norms and organisations 43
4.2. Mapping Foreign Economic Policy Discourse . 45
4.2.1. Spatial and Temporal Framing . 45
4.2.3. The Rhetoric and Policies of Economic Nationalism 48
4.3. “Nationalism” and Nationalism, “Wars” and Wars 54
4.3.1. 1929-1934: “First as Tragedy” . 54
4.3.2. 2007-2013: “Then as Farce” 56
5. Conclusion . 60
Sources . 63
 Note: -
 Type: Speciale
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