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  Generating Development
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 Ophav:
Mollel, Nicolas1, Forfatter
Samuelsen, Helle2, Vejleder
Tilknytninger:
1Det Samfundsvidenskabelige Fakultet, Københavns Universitet, København, Danmark, diskurs:7001              
2Institut for Antropologi, Det Samfundsvidenskabelige Fakultet, Københavns Universitet, København, Danmark, diskurs:7008              
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Indhold

Ukontrollerede emneord: development - youth - Zanzibar
 Abstract: This thesis examines how two youth-led, community-based NGOs strive to improve livelihoods for youth in Zanzibar with the means of development aid available to them.
Despite the overall up-rise of African economies in recent years, poverty is still widespread in many African nations. The situation in Zanzibar where half of the total population lives below the basic need poverty line is no exception. Sustaining themselves on incomes below $1 a day many Zanzibaris are therefore keenly interested in some form of development that will improve their economic circumstances.
Especially youth are vulnerable to socioeconomic deprivation. Although they are demographically dominant, ironically many if not most consider themselves to be members of an outcast minority. The key factors contributing to their marginality are: limited access to productive assets; lack of education; high levels of unemployment; and traditional norms and values ascribed by society. Today the unemployment rate in Zanzibar among youth aged 18–35 has reached a dangerous 23 per cent. Even among those considered to be employed many are typically working in the informal sector under poor conditions.
Based on four months of fieldwork carried out in Zanzibar in 2011 and 2012, this thesis looks at what kind of development related activities the NGOs in question are engaged in. The main focus lies on an examination of the two NGOs’ implementation of the projects that have been sponsored by the UN-HABITAT Urban Youth Fund. As such the aim of the thesis is two-folded. On the one hand, it observes that the NGOs are replicating the conventional form of civil society organizations. In doing so they are engaged in a specific kind of capacity building, which can be termed ‘anticipatory development’. The second concern of the thesis is focused more closely on the experiences of their members as they are trying to implement and manage the projects, exploring the young activists’ motivations for their involvement in the projects and the NGOs as a whole. Through the case studies of a handful of individual members the thesis demonstrates that their engagement at the same time presents them with economic opportunities and limitations. Furthermore, it shows that the NGOs do not constitute a homogeneous group of people. Rather they are comprised of people with various backgrounds and preconditions for participating in the organizations. By examining the agency of the NGOs and their individual members the thesis argues that development sensitization based on the voluntary participation of poor, disadvantaged youths is not unproblematic when viewed through the lived experiences of its beneficiaries.
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Thesisfinal.pdf (Hovedtekst)
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application/pdf / 22MB
Copyright dato:
2013-10-18
Copyright information:
De fulde rettigheder til dette materiale tilhører forfatteren.
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Basal

Bogmærk denne post: https://diskurs.kb.dk/item/diskurs:57010:1
 Type: Speciale
Alternativ titel: Youth Empowerment in Zanzibar
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Detaljer

Sprog: English - eng
 Datoer: 2013-08-07
 Sider: -
 Publiceringsinfo: København : Københavns Universitet
 Indholdsfortegnelse: SUMMARY 3
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 4
ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS 5
PROLOGUE 6
CHAPTER I: INTRODUCTION 7
PROBLEM STATEMENT 8
SOME PRELIMINARY CONCEPTUALIZATIONS 8
THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK: DEVELOPMENT AS ANTICIPATORY ACTION 12
OUTLINE OF THE THESIS 14
CHAPTER II: ON METHODOLOGY 16
CONSTRUCTING THE FIELD 16
IDENTIFYING THE INFORMANTS 18
MODES OF DATA GENERATION: ACTOR-ORIENTED APPROACH 19
DOING FIELDWORK IN NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS: ROLES AND POSITIONS 22
ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS 24
CHAPTER III: THE PROBLEMATIC OF YOUTH 26
THE AFRICAN CRISIS OF THE YOUTH BULGE 26
CONTEXTUALIZING YOUTH 28
YOUTH IN ZANZIBAR: AGE, GENERATION, AND CLASS 29
YOUTH & DEVELOPMENT 31
CHAPTER IV: A WINDOW OF OPPORTUNITY
– YOUTH-LED DEVELOPMENT IN ZANZIBAR 34
THE URBAN YOUTH FUND 34
ZANZIBAR SCRAPES AND ENVIRONMENT ASSOCIATION 36
MATEMWE CONTROL AIDS, EDUCATION, AND ENVIRONMENT 37
ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE & FORM 38
BECOMING DEVELOPMENT AGENTS 40
CHAPTER V: PLASTIC & POULTRY – MEANS OF DEVELOPMENT 44
IN THE BUSINESS OF TRASH 45
“PLASTIC IS MONEY” – THE SOCIAL VALUE OF WASTE 48
A POULTRY SCHEME 51
WHOSE CHICKENS? 53
CHAPTER VI: THE PARADOX OF VOLUNTARISTIC
EMPOWERMENT 57
ALTRUISTIC PARTICIPATION & INSTRUMENTALISTIC PARTICIPATION 57
SUBJECTIVE EXPECTATION & SOCIAL POSSIBILITY 59
COLLAPSE OF CATEGORIES: RECIPIENTS & BENEFICIARIES 62
(IL)LITERACY IN THE DEVELOPMENT VOCABULARY 64
THE LIMITATIONS OF VOLUNTARISM 65
CHAPTER VII: APPROPRIATING DEVELOPMENT 68
FROM A MORAL ECONOMY OF EMPOWERMENT TO A SOCIAL IMAGINARY OF
DEVELOPMENT 69
MAENDELEO MEANS DEVELOPMENT 70
DEVELOPMENT VANGUARDS AND PLEBEIANS 72
THE PROFESSIONAL VOLUNTEER 73
CHAPTER VIII: CONCLUDING COMMENTS 77
BIBLIOGRAPHY 79
 Note: -
 Type: Speciale
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