Killing Society
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Wiese, Nils L. C.1, Forfatter
Gundelach, Peter2, Vejleder
1Det Samfundsvidenskabelige Fakultet, Københavns Universitet, København, Danmark, diskurs:7001              
2Sociologisk Institut, Det Samfundsvidenskabelige Fakultet, Københavns Universitet, København, Danmark, diskurs:7013              
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Ukontrollerede emneord: Genocide, social movement theory, perpetrator, Rwanda, former Yugoslavia, civil war, expert interviewing, comparative case study
 Abstract: Taking the initial question What makes many people kill within a short period of time? as the point of departure, this study investigates the social mechanisms that are in play to mobilize civilian genocide perpetrators. Although an uncommon subject to social movement scholars, genocide mobilization has many similarities with other types of mobilization. Thus, the essential assertion is that a combination of common social mechanisms enables mobilization for genocide perpetration; it is also stressed, however, that it takes place under exceptional circumstances, viz. civil war.

The approach is augmented with a theoretical perspective on the significance of civil war on social dynamics on a local level. Furthermore, building on existing social psychological studies on micro level as well as on macro level genocide research, the theoretical approach of this study presents a meso level perspective that fills out a gap in the existing literature; this sociological approach is apt for explaining the mobilization of civilians that occurs at the borderline of the genocidal organizations such as state bureaucracy, military and the like.

A comparative case study of genocide mobilization in the former Yugoslavia and in Rwanda, the study is based on ten expert interviews with people who are professionally engaged with the respective genocide as well as on existing studies on the cases. The study identifies two processes, organization of mobilization and surmounting, which made mobilization of civilian perpetrators in the two cases of genocide possible—and which on a more general level are highly probable to be essential for mobilization of civilian genocide perpetrators in all present-day instances of genocide in fairly efficient states. Through the advancement of our understanding of genocide perpetration, the ultimate aspiration of the study is to contribute to the prevention of future instances of genocide.
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Bogmærk denne post:
 Type: Speciale
Alternativ titel: A Sociological Contribution to the Study of Mobilization of Civilian Genocide Perpetrators
Alternativ titel: Dræber-samfund
Alternativ titel: Et sociologisk bidrag til studiet af mobilisering af civile folkedrabsgerningsmænd
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Sprog: English - eng
 Datoer: 2013-07-19
 Sider: -
 Publiceringsinfo: København : Københavns Universitet
 Indholdsfortegnelse: List of Tables and Figures 10
Introduction .11
A Human Aversion 15
Genocide as War on Civilians 17
Social Movements of Violence 22
A Short History of the Bosnian Genocide 31
A Short History of the Rwandan Genocide 34
A Comparative Approach to Perpetrators 37
Studying Genocide Perpetration .42
Operationalization .52
Organization of Mobilization 57
Surmounting .72
Conclusion 91
Summary 97
Reference list 98
Appendices . 107
 Note: -
 Type: Speciale
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