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Ophav

 Ophav:
Knippel, Astrid Stampe1, Forfatter
Rahbæk-Møller, Julie2, Vejleder
Tilknytninger:
1Det Samfundsvidenskabelige Fakultet, Københavns Universitet, København, Danmark, diskurs:7001              
2Institut for Antropologi, Det Samfundsvidenskabelige Fakultet, Københavns Universitet, København, Danmark, diskurs:7008              
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Indhold

Ukontrollerede emneord: Polen, hjemløse, socialt arbejde, empowerment
 Abstract: Empowering residents at a homeless shelter during the social transition in post-socialist Poland
This thesis is based on a 4 month fieldwork at the homeless shelter Bursa in Warsaw in autumn 2011. Social work at Bursa is based on principles of ‘help toward self-help’ and an empowerment strategy. This thesis explores how social workers empower the residents at the shelter, and how the residents respond to the strategy.
In 1989 the socialist system in Poland was replaced with a capitalist system. During socialism, it was mandatory to have a job, and people were provided for through their work places. Unemployment and homeless were considered to be capitalist phenomena. During the 1990s an explosion in unemployment and homelessness required social work as an institutional phenomenon to address social problems as a result of the transition. Bursa was established in 1998 as a means to provide new methods in social work based on ‘help toward self-help’.
Firstly, I argue that the social workers try to empower the residents through a balance between help and control. The workers have a goal of helping the residents in order to enable the residents to help themselves become empowered. This means that the residents at the shelter are controlled in all aspects of their daily lives. The residents have to work in order to receive help, and it is strictly prohibited to be under the influence of alcohol whilst at the shelter. In addition, the social workers control when the residents may leave and return to the shelter. This control is based on totalizing images of the residents which means that the same control is applied to all residents. The logic of empowerment, therefore, is based on a logic of control in order to help.
Secondly, I argue that the social workers wish to create family relations with the residents in order to legitimize institutional control. Through everyday family practices such as sharing meals the workers and the residents create family relations. Through this the female social workers become caring mothers. I argue that the residents respond to the creation of family relations as they often lack these outside the shelter. The residents might also use these family practices to their own advantage in order to get help and access to shelter and food. Nonetheless, the residents might be dismissed from the shelter for ‘taking advantage’ of the good conditions. This means that although the residents always make future plans, these plans are rarely realized.
Thirdly, in the analysis I make the implicit paradoxes my focal point. I argue that social work based on ‘help toward self-help’ and empowerment is based on an implicit understanding of the individual as being free to overcome the position of being homeless and unemployed. This, I argue, does not correspond with everyday realities in Poland today which is nonetheless perceived as being the fault of the homeless. I go on to analyze the social workers’ implicit understanding of the residents as having a ‘socialist mentality’. This means that they consider control to be necessary as they do not think the residents are capable of acting independently at all. I, however, argue that it is a necessity for the residents to act independently in order to be a part of shelter life, but in order to stay at the shelter they also have to comply with the workers’ perceptions of them as being dependent and having a socialist mentality. Therefore, I argue that the residents have to be dependent and independent in the ‘right’ ways in order to comply with the shelter’s strategy of empowerment. Ending this chapter, I argue that the social workers compare their own lives in the Polish transition from socialism to capitalism with the residents’ situation. This means that they might judge the residents according to a subjective opinion of who is worthy and unworthy to live at Bursa. This highlights the significance of the socialist-capitalist transitional context in social work in Bursa.
In conclusion I raise the question of whether the phenomena of homelessness and alcoholism in Poland today might trigger nostalgic memories of a socialist past, where the state was supposed to take of people (even though this might not always have been genuine state practice). Homeless and alcoholic people might also remind Poles of the glorious welfare that was hoped for but never realized following the transition.
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Filer

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Master 130302.pdf (Hovedtekst)
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Copyright dato:
2013-07-11
Copyright information:
De fulde rettigheder til dette materiale tilhører forfatteren.
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Basal

Bogmærk denne post: https://diskurs.kb.dk/item/diskurs:52668:1
 Type: Speciale
Alternativ titel: Selvstændiggørelse af beboere på et herberg for hjemløse i det postsocialistiske Polens sociale transition
Alternativ titel: “People are going to be empowered here”
Alternativ titel: Empowering residents at a homeless shelter during the social transition in post-socialist Poland
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Detaljer

Sprog: Danish - dan
 Datoer: 2013-04-13
 Sider: -
 Publiceringsinfo: København : Københavns Universitet
 Indholdsfortegnelse: Indhold
Forord 4
Kort og fakta over Polen . 5
Læsevejledning 5
KAPITEL 1) INDLEDNING . 6
Polens sociale transition 7
Bursas grundlæggelse . 9
Socialt arbejde på institutionen 11
Analytiske rammer . 13
Specialets opbygning . 15
KAPITEL 2) FELTEN OG FELTARBEJDET . 17
Nyt arbejde i gamle bygninger 17
De fysiske rammer 17
Rammer for selvstændiggørelse 18
Informanter . 19
Beboere . 19
Socialarbejdere 20
Feltarbejdet . 21
Adgang . 21
At vise at man bør arbejde . 22
At blive en del af familien . 24
Sprog 27
Interview 27
Etiske refleksioner 29
KAPITEL 3) AT HJÆLPE GENNEM KONTROL 32
At blive beboer og elev 33
Opholdets princip: ”Hjælp for arbejde” . 36
”Do roboty!” . 36
”Regler er vigtige for at holde det hele sammen” 38
Håndhævelse af regler: Alkohol som en ”alvorlig overtrædelse” 41
Undtagelse af regler: Rygning som en ”lille overtrædelse” . 45
Hjælp for fremtiden: journalens fremtidsplan . 46
Selvstændiggørelsens logik . 48
Indledning
Opsummering . 49
KAPITEL 4) AT SKABE EN FAMILIE . 51
”Tordenvejr”: Socialarbejdere og beboere som mor og børn . 52
At komme tilbage til Bursa og få middag 56
At ’passe ind’ i familien . 58
Andrzej: At føle sig respekteret og værdig . 58
Zofia: At opgive sin egen vilje 60
Matka Polka: Moderens rolle i Polen 61
Beboernes handlemuligheder i familien . 63
Teoretisk set en stor familie . 64
Mireks fremtidsplaner 67
Opsummering . 69
KAPITEL 5) PARADOKSER I SELVSTÆNDIGGØRELSENS PRAKSISSER . 71
’Himmelske fugle’: Friheden til at vælge . 72
”Du skal ændre din mentalitet”: Den socialistiske mentalitet som doxisk overbevisning 76
”Arbejde gør dig menneskelig”: Opholdets princip 77
Beboernes underkastelse? . 78
At være selvstændig og uselvstændig på den ’rigtige’ måde. 80
”Bare en arbejder på Bursa” . 82
Socialarbejdernes erfaringer i beboernes selvstændiggørelse 84
Opsummering . 86
KAPITEL 6) KONKLUSION OG PERSPEKTIVER . 88
At løse sociale problemer gennem selvstændiggørelse 91
Litteratur 93
Opslagsværker . 98
Internet . 98
Abstract 100
Bilag 1 . 102
 Note: -
 Type: Speciale
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