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 Ophav:
Sepstrup, Jane1, Forfatter
Marianne Holm Pedersen, Marianne 2, Vejleder
Tilknytninger:
1Det Samfundsvidenskabelige Fakultet, Københavns Universitet, København, Danmark, diskurs:7001              
2Institut for Antropologi, Det Samfundsvidenskabelige Fakultet, Københavns Universitet, København, Danmark, diskurs:7008              
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Indhold

Ukontrollerede emneord: Egypten, Unge, Kosmopolitisme, Rum, Klasse, Køn
 Abstract: During the last decades, Cairo has undergone extensive economical and social change in the wake of former president Sadat’s “Open door” policy aimed at drawing foreign investment to the country. This has resulted in the emergence of new urban leisure places such as cafés, restaurants and nightclubs which constitute the focus of this thesis.
Based on four months of fieldwork in Cairo during the spring of 2011, I explore how these places are employed by high-class Egyptian youth in their construction of a cosmopolitan identity with a focus on the role played by their conceptions and practices of class and gender.
Following Jenkins’ understanding of identity as being a process of identification and dissociation from different Others, I argue that the new urban leisure places offer my informants a possibility to identify with a certain image of the western understood as a symbol of a modern and open-minded mentality, meanwhile dissociating themselves from a certain image of the local understood as a symbol of a traditional and narrow-minded mentality. With their international character, I argue that these new urban leisure places are practiced by my informants as translocal spaces, where they engage with foreigners, consume foreign goods, speak foreign languages, and thereby construct an identity as being cosmopolitan.
At the same time, I argue that this cosmopolitan identity is closely connected to the practice and construction of a certain class identity among my informants. By employing Bourdieu’s notion of different kinds of capital, I argue that my informants through their cosmopolitan practices show that their position as Egyptian elite is not merely a result of their economical capital, but also of their cultural and social capital.
Secondly, I argue that the new urban leisure places are also practiced by my informants as semipublic spaces. Dress codes and high prices ensure that they are not entirely public and they thus constitute a safe and controlled space, where my informants are not subjected to what they see as a tendency among people from lower classes to judge them in their practices and to sexually harass girls. At the same time, these spaces are not as private as my informants’ homes and they thereby give my informants a chance to meet with friends without the supervision of their parents. I argue that these spaces
offer my informants new chances for interaction between boys and girls, for dating and for my female informants to go out alone.
In addition to this, I argue that different gendered meanings and practices are related to my informants’ use of different spaces. I show how an asymmetrical power relation between the genders which favors men is apparent in the public space. Harassment, inappropriate talk and certain expectations of girls to behave modestly, constitute this space as what Augé calls a non place for my female informants. On the other hand, the public space is seen by male informants as a space where they can practice a masculine identity. I argue that this asymmetrical power relation is not in the same way apparent in the semipublic spaces.
Finally, I argue that different dilemmas are related to the construction of a cosmopolitan identity among my informants and to the new possibilities related to their use of these translocal semipublic spaces. I show how the identification with a western mentality according to my informants can also be taken too far and besides, how the new possibilities for interaction between boys and girls such as dating can also create dilemmas. Drawing on Schielke, I argue that my informants use different moral registers such as open-minded mentality, family, tradition, religion and culture in negotiating right and wrong in their practices.
Furthermore, I discuss how this negotiation between different moral norms is related to continuity and change. I argue that my informants, as a result of their particular age and class-belonging, can be seen as constituting a certain generation in Mannheim’s term, who share a specific location. Growing up in a time characterized by the “Open door” policy, new cosmopolitan possibilities, growing class differences and political changes predispose my informants to certain understandings and actions, which will sometimes lead to the challenging of existing moral norms and sometimes to the confirmation of them. I further argue that my informants’ location affects their view on the Egyptian Revolution, where possibilities for change are viewed in light of their class position and where a local mentality is seen as the biggest obstacle for the modern and open-minded society that they hope for.
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Speciale1.pdf (Hovedtekst)
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Tilgængelighed:
Offentlig
Mime-type / størrelse:
application/pdf / 2MB
Copyright dato:
2013-06-06
Copyright information:
De fulde rettigheder til dette materiale tilhører forfatteren.
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Basal

Bogmærk denne post: https://diskurs.kb.dk/item/diskurs:47309:1
 Type: Speciale
Alternativ titel: En antropologisk analyse af kosmopolitisk identitetsdannelse blandt unge overklasses egyptere i deres brug af nye urbane fritidssteder
Alternativ titel: Modern and Openminded
Alternativ titel: An Anthropological Analysis of the Construction of Cosmopolitan Identity among Upperclass Egyptian Youth
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Detaljer

Sprog: Danish - dan
 Datoer: 2013-03-01
 Sider: -
 Publiceringsinfo: København : Københavns Universitet
 Indholdsfortegnelse: Kapitel 1: Introduktion . 5
Kontekst og relevans 7
”Åben dør”-politikken og den voksende internationale indflydelse. 8
Den Egyptiske Revolution: En tid præget af store politiske omvæltninger 9
Antropologisk kontekst 11
Relevans 13
Analytisk ramme 14
Dannelsen af en kosmopolitisk identitet . 14
Rum . 15
Klasse 16
Køn 17
Specialets struktur 17
Kapitel 2: Metode . 19
Feltarbejde i en fragmenteret felt 19
Deltagerobservation, interviews og uformelle samtaler 21
Rollen som vestlig, kvindelig studerende . 23
Kapitel 3: Ind i felten . 27
Informantgruppen 27
Ikke ”rigtige egyptiske unge” . 27
Campus og de nye urbane fritidssteder . 29
Eksklusivitet og afgrænsning . 31
Kapitel 4: Dannelsen af en kosmopolitisk klasseidentitet 34
Grænsedragende symboler 36
Afstandstagen fra det lokale . 36
Identifikationer med det vestlige 40
Translokale rum og dannelsen af en kosmopolitisk identitet . 44
Praktiseringen af en klasseidentitet . 46
Kapitalformer 46
Distinktioner 48
Delkonklusion . 54
Kapitel 5: Mulighedernes rum . 55
Offentlighed som relativt begreb 56
Det offentlige rum . 57
Et ukontrolleret rum . 57
Kønnede betydninger i det offentlige rum 61
Semioffentlige rum . 67
Kontrollerede og usuperviserede 67
Kønnede betydninger i de semioffentlige rum 72
Delkonklusion . 73
Kapitel 6: Normer til forhandling: Kontinuitet og forandring i de translokale semioffentlige rum . 75
Modstridende moralske normer 77
Moralske registre . 77
Åbensindet mentalitet som moralsk register 78
Tradition, religion og kultur som moralske registre 79
Praktiseringen af en (ikke)bevægelse 83
Forandring gennem hverdagspraksisser 83
Nye forhandlingsmuligheder 85
Videreførelsen af normer . 89
Klasseforskelle og forandring efter den Egyptiske Revolution. 91
Åbensindede muligheder 92
Det lokale som forhindring 94
Kapitel 7: Konklusion 98
Litteraturliste 102
Bilag: Kort over distrikter i Kairo. 109
Abstract 110
 Note: -
 Type: Speciale
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