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  The Fighter and The Diplomat
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 Ophav:
Bjergstrøm, Kristine Hauge1, Forfatter
Berling, Trine Villumsen2, Vejleder
Tilknytninger:
1Det Samfundsvidenskabelige Fakultet, Københavns Universitet, København, Danmark, diskurs:7001              
2Institut for Statskundskab, Det Samfundsvidenskabelige Fakultet, Københavns Universitet, København, Danmark, diskurs:7003              
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Indhold

Ukontrollerede emneord: Palestine, Identity, Conflict, Security, Discourse
 Abstract: When the Palestinian Prime Minister Salam Fayyad presented a new reform programme for Palestine in 2009, this was received in the West as a significant new departure in Palestinian politics and as a driver of future change in the Palestinian-Israeli conflict. Starting from the theoretical assertion that identities constitute spaces for action, this thesis aims to investigate whether the novelties of the Fayyad programme are likely to generate changes in Palestinian identity which might produce new political avenues both domestically and in the relation to Israel. The study is undertaken on the basis of post-structuralist theory of identity construction, maintenance and change, and employs a discourse analytical methodology to investigate constructions of Palestinian identity in the political debates at different points over the last 20 years and on the political spectrum. The analysis explores the novelties of Fayyad’s identity construction through a diachronic comparison with the discursive figures present in the Palestinian discursive space during the Oslo process. It subsequently performs a synchronic comparison of the identity discourse of Fayyad with that of one of the main rivals, Hamas. This comparison establishes the status of Hamas’ identity articulation as a counter-discourse to Fayyad, and argues that Hamas draws heavily on the conservative mechanisms of discursive re-production and the construction of securitised relations to produce a counter-discursive barrier to the sedimentation of the identity changes sought by Fayyad. Uncovering a circular development in discourses on Palestinian identities during the Oslo process and the Fayyad premiership, it is argued that there are narrow constraints on re-articulations of the constitutive relations of Palestinian identity. Particularly, the securitised relation to Israel is found to be unaltered across the 20-year period under study, in spite of the emergence of discursive struggles over one of the central signifiers of Palestinian identity in that relation, the concept of resistance. This indicates that the re-engineering of the constitutive relations of Palestinian identity and the concept of resistance in the Fayyad discourse are unlikely to produce significant change in Palestinian identity or in the conflict-relation with Israel.
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Copyright dato:
2013-05-23
Copyright information:
De fulde rettigheder til dette materiale tilhører forfatteren.
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Basal

Bogmærk denne post: https://diskurs.kb.dk/item/diskurs:47189:1
 Type: Speciale
Alternativ titel: Negotiation of Palestinian Identity under Salam Fayyad
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Detaljer

Sprog: English - eng
 Datoer: 2013-04-02
 Sider: -
 Publiceringsinfo: København : Københavns Universitet
 Indholdsfortegnelse: ABSTRACT 1
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION 2
CHAPTER 2: THEORY AND METHODOLOGY . 7
2.1 POSTSTRUCTURALISM IN INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS . 8
2.2 INVERSIONS OF THE IDENTITY-SECURITY NEXUS . 10
2.2.1 Identity as a Source of Security: Ontological Security Studies 11
2.2.2 Security as Source of Identity: Campbell 11
2.2.3 Security as Source of Identity: Securitization Theory 12
2.2.4 Security as Source of Identity: The Copenhagen School of Identity and Discourse 12
2.3 TAKE AWAY POINTS FROM THE IDENTITY-SECURITY LITERATURE . 14
2.4 DISCOURSE ANALYSIS 14
2.4.1 Assumptions Underlying the Research Questions 15
2.4.1.1 The Assumption of Discursive Boundedness .15
2.4.1.2 The Assumption of the Possibility of Change .16
2.4.2 The Discursive Space . 17
CHAPTER 3: ANALYTICAL STRATEGY 19
3.1 STRATEGY OF READING 19
3.2 SELECTION OF TEXTS . 20
3.2.1 Text Selection for the Discursive Space 20
3.2.2 Text Selection for the Bounded Discourses . 22
3.2.2.1 The Fayyad Discourse .23
3.2.2.2 The Hamas Discourse 23
3.2.3 The Question of Language. 24
3.3 STRUCTURE OF THE ANALYSIS . 24
CHAPTER 4: THE DISCURSIVE SPACE 25
4.1 TEMPORALITY: NARRATIVES OF VICTIMISATION, RESISTANCE AND TRIUMPH . 25
4.2 SPATIALITY: CONSTITUTIVE BORDERS 28
4.3 ETHICALITY: PALESTINIAN PEACEFULNESS . 30
4.4 CORE ASPECTS OF PALESTINIAN IDENTITY CONSTRUCTION . 32
4.4.1 Agency . 32
4.4.2 Resistance 36
CHAPTER 5: THE FAYYAD DISCOURSE 40
5.1 BOUNDARY 1: PAST/PRESENT PALESTINIAN SELF VS. THE FUTURE PALESTINIAN SELF 40
5.2 BOUNDARY 2: THE PALESTINIAN SELF VS. ISRAEL . 43
5.3 BOUNDARY 3: THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY VS. ISRAEL . 45
5.4 BOUNDARY 4: THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY AND PALESTINE 46
5.5 BOUNDARY 5: THE REGION VS. PALESTINE . 47
5.6 BOUNDARY 6: HAMAS VS. THE PALESTINIAN SELF 48
5.7 CONCLUSIONS . 48
CHAPTER 6: THE HAMAS DISCOURSE .50
6.1 BOUNDARY 1: FIGHTERS VS. DIPLOMATS . 50
6.2 BOUNDARY 2: PALESTINE VS. ISRAEL . 52
6.3 BOUNDARY 3: PNA AND ISRAEL 53
6.4 BOUNDARY 4: PALESTINE VS. THE US 55
6.5 BOUNDARY 5: HAMAS AND THE REGION 57
6.6 CONCLUSIONS . 57
CHAPTER 7: CONCLUSIONS AND OUTLOOK .60
7.1 CONCLUSIONS TO THE RESEARCH QUESTIONS . 60
7.2 IMPLICATIONS FOR THE PALESTINIAN APPROACH TO THE CONFLICT WITH ISRAEL 65
7.3 PROSPECTS FOR ‘PEACE’ 67
 Note: -
 Type: Speciale
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