Resilience and the Fostering of Resilience in Unaccompanied Minor Asylum Seekers in Denmark
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Aarrestad, Maren1, Forfatter
Terlonge, Pernille 2, Vejleder
1Det Samfundsvidenskabelige Fakultet, Københavns Universitet, København, Danmark, diskurs:7001              
2Institut for Psykologi, Det Samfundsvidenskabelige Fakultet, Københavns Universitet, København, Danmark, diskurs:7012              
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Ukontrollerede emneord: resilence, unaccompanied minor asylum seekers
 Abstract: The current paper explores the underlying processes of resilience in the unaccompanied minor asylum seekers (UMAS) arriving in Denmark, and furthermore, how resilience be fostered in this population. Resilience is defined as achievement of salient developmental tasks. For UMAS arriving in Denmark, these tasks include identity formation, planning for the future, achieving independence or autonomy, and acculturation to a Danish society. Based on the existing literature and earlier models of resilience, a model labelled the Unified Resilience Framework (URF) that explains the relationship between adversities, normative functional adaptive systems and achievement on developmental tasks is proposed. According to the URF, the relationships between adversities, functional adaptive systems, and achievement on developmental tasks are interdependent and reciprocal. In order to foster resilience in a population of newly arrived UMAS in Denmark, it is suggested that the UMAS are provided with the opportunity and support to cope with adversities, as well as supported in the development of functional adaptive systems underlying the developmental tasks. This support should be comprehensive, community-based, culturally competent, and evidence-based. A review of the support and services currently provided to newly arrived UMAS in Denmark reveals that despite the efforts made, three main issues have emerged as problematic, including a failure to provide sufficient support and services addressing psychological distress, a failure to monitor and evaluate support and services, and a failure to provide safety and security for UMAS. In order to deal with the failure to provide sufficient services addressing psychological distress, suggestions for aspects of intervention s and examples of intervention successfully implemented in other countries are outlined. Furthermore, it is suggested that documentation of existing services and support provided to UMAS should be prioritised. The service provider’s responsibility to advocate for conditions that ensures security and safety for UMAS is highlighted.
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Bogmærk denne post:
 Type: Speciale
Alternativ titel: Resiliens og fremmelse af resiliens hos uledsagede mindreårige aylansøgere i Danmark
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Sprog: English - eng
 Datoer: 2012-11-30
 Sider: -
 Publiceringsinfo: København : Københavns Universitet
 Indholdsfortegnelse: 1. Introduction 4
1.1. Setting the Context 4
2. Resilience 9
2.1. Models of Resilience . 10
2.2. The Unified Resilience Framework (URF) . 12
2.2.1. Adversity or Stressors 14
2.2.2. Environmental Context 17
2.2.3. Person-Context Transactional Processes . 20
2.2.4. Developmental Level and Plasticity 27
2.2.5. Biological Processes Underlying Resilience . 28
2.2.6. Cognitive Processes . 33
2.2.7. Self-Regulation 34
2.2.8. Self and Identity . 37
2.2.9. Competencies . 42
2.2.10. Resiliency Processes 44
2.3. Section Summary 50
3. Interventions fostering resilience in UMAS in Denmark 52
3.1. Support and Services Provided to Newly Arrived UMAS in Denmark 52
3.2. Principles for Interventions Targeting Refugees . 58
3.3. Recommended aspects of support and services 66
3.4. Critical Reflections 78
3.5. Section Summary 81
4. Summary and Concluding Remarks . 83
References 85
 Note: -
 Type: Speciale
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