Witnessing Domestic Violence
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Fanous, Maria1, Forfatter
Leth, Ingrid 2, Vejleder
1Det Samfundsvidenskabelige Fakultet, Københavns Universitet, København, Danmark, diskurs:7001              
2Institut for Psykologi, Det Samfundsvidenskabelige Fakultet, Københavns Universitet, København, Danmark, diskurs:7012              
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Ukontrollerede emneord: domestic violence, children, witness, behaviour, development
 Abstract: Research on the topic of domestic violence has increasingly turned its focus on children as victims of abuse. The aim of this study was to explore what research has found to be some of the behavioural and emotional adjustment problems of children who witness the abuse of their mother. The method of the study was therefore a review of the research. Eighteen studies were included in the review on the basis of selection criteria. Among others, these were exclusion of studies which did not differentiate child witnesses of domestic abuse from children directly subjected to physical abuse and neglect. Studies ranged from the year 1991 to 2011. The findings of the studies were analysed and results showed that children who witness domestic violence show more internalising and externalising behaviour problems. These include more aggressive and defiant behaviours as well as depression, posttraumatic stress symptoms and issues related to self-blame. Moreover, it was found that children’s adjustment problems are varied and dependent upon a number of variables, such as developmental stage of the child, gender and parenting practices of the mother as well as parenting stress. Possible mediating factors to account for the adjustment outcomes in child witnesses were the child’s understanding and appraisal of the violence and the child’s understanding of his/her role in relation to the violence. The study suggest that future research on the topic should include a closer examination of the possible underlying factors for children’s behavioural and emotional problems, as well as possible features that may aid in the treatment and intervention of children who are exposed to domestic violence, such as the mother-child attachment relationship.
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Bogmærk denne post:
 Type: Speciale
Alternativ titel: A study of the impact on children - the 'silent' victims.
Alternativ titel: Vold i Hjemmet
Alternativ titel: Et studie om konsekvenserne for børn - de 'tavse' ofre.
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Sprog: English - eng
 Datoer: 2012-04-17
 Sider: -
 Publiceringsinfo: København : Københavns Universitet
 Indholdsfortegnelse: Introduction . 4
Background 4
Theoretical considerations . 6
Purpose of the thesis . 7
Research questions 8
Domestic violence 9
Definition . 9
Types of violence . 10
Physical Violence . 10
Sexual Violence 11
Psychological violence 11
Economic/Financial Violence 11
Material Violence. 11
Domestic abuse as a process . 12
Duration and severity of the violence 13
Definitional issues 13
Prevalence 14
Methodology . 16
Instruments for measurement . 17
Selection criteria 19
Conceptualisation of ‘domestic violence’ in this study . 20
Definitional issues regarding the term ‘witness’ . 21
Psychological Maltreatment 24
Results . 25
Discussion 34
Externalising behaviours 34
Internalising behaviours 35
Age and Gender . 36
Shelter vs. community based samples 37
Issues related to variances in definitions of domestic violence . 38
Instruments of measurement 39
Informants 40
The burden of the secret . 40
PTSD/Trauma 41
Children’s perception of the abuse and the family relationship 41
Parenting 43
Parent availability 46
Long-term consequences . 46
Developmental factors 48
The significance of attachment 49
Emotional Security hypothesis . 50
The Cognitive-Contextual model 51
The issue of control for correlated variables 51
Implications of child abuse 52
Limitations . 52
Recommendations for future research: Areas which need further attention . 55
The impact of attachment on domestic violence 55
Gender and age . 56
Cultural aspects . 56
Father-child relationship 56
Other areas to be explored 56
Parenting practices in interventions . 57
Resilience/Protective factors . 58
Prevention vs. Treatment 59
Conclusion . 59
References . 61
 Note: -
 Type: Speciale
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