de.mpg.escidoc.pubman.appbase.FacesBean

Post

 
 Vis
  Et omkostningsstudie af to behandlingsalternativer mod græspollenallergi
Item is

Ophav

 Ophav:
Gyllenøhr, Maria1, Forfatter
Østerdahl, Lars Peter 2, Vejleder
Tilknytninger:
1Det Samfundsvidenskabelige Fakultet, Københavns Universitet, København, Danmark, diskurs:7001              
2Økonomisk Institut, Det Samfundsvidenskabelige Fakultet, Københavns Universitet, København, Danmark, diskurs:7014              
skjul Ophav
Vis Ophav

Indhold

Ukontrollerede emneord: Sundhedsøkonomi, pollen, omkostningsstudie
 Abstract: Allergy rhinitis is a term for allergic diseases which are caused by a strong reaction of the immune system to various substances, so-called allergens. Grass pollen is an example of such an allergen. It is harmless for most people, but it is the leading cause of allergy in Denmark (Astma-Allergi Danmark, 2012). The purpose of this thesis is therefore to focus on grass pollen induced allergy, which can cause the following symptoms: sneezing, stuffy nose and red and itchy eyes. Some also experience watery eyes, light sensitivity, and swelling of
the eyelids and the mucous membrane in the eye. Patients with severe symptom levels experience a widespread fatigue and tiredness and the suffering is reminiscent of the flu. There are approximately 290.000 persons affected with this level of symptoms when, during the summer in Denmark, the pollen count is high.
The focus of this thesis is an economic analysis of the grass pollen induced allergy and the two options of treatment: allergy vaccination with the supplement of symptom-relieving medications or the standard treatment which only treats the symptoms. In order to carry out the analysis, the following questions will be considered:
• Which kinds of outcomes are influenced by the two alternatives of treatment and how
are they affected?
• If the effects can be monetary valued, what economic differences are thus associated
with the two treatment alternatives in the long run?
• Can it be concluded that one of the treatments is preferable to the other in a socioeconomic
perspective?
• Can the results of the analysis be applied in practice on a valid basis?
skjul Indhold
Vis Indhold

Filer

Navn:
SPECIALE_Maria_Gyllenøhr.pdf (Hovedtekst)
Bemærkninger:
-
Tilgængelighed:
Offentlig
Mime-type / størrelse:
application/pdf / 653KB
Copyright dato:
2012-07-12
Copyright information:
De fulde rettigheder til dette materiale tilhører forfatteren.
skjul Filer
Vis Filer

Basal

Bogmærk denne post: https://diskurs.kb.dk/item/diskurs:31490:2
 Type: Speciale
Alternativ titel: - I et samfundsøkonomisk perspektiv
Alternativ titel: An economic analysis of two treatment options for the grass pollen induced allergy
Alternativ titel: - In a socio-economic point of view
skjul Basal
Vis Basal

Links

Vis Links

Detaljer

Sprog: Danish - dan
 Datoer: 2012-05-03
 Sider: -
 Publiceringsinfo: København : Københavns Universitet
 Indholdsfortegnelse: 1 Indledning 1
1.1 Problemformulering . 2
1.2 Afgrænsning 3
1.3 Specialets opbygning 4
2 Baggrund . 6
2.1 Symptomer og følgevirkninger af græspollenallergi 6
2.2 Prævalens. 7
2.3 Behandlingsmuligheder 10
2.3.1 Antal personer i vaccinationsbehandling . 12
2.4 Effekter af behandling i placebokontrollerede studie 13
2.5 Tilskudsregler for Grazax® 17
3 Litteraturstudie . 20
4 Sundhedsøkonomisk analyse i et samfundsmæssigt perspektiv . 25
4.1 Valg af analysemetode 26
4.2 Fremgangsmåde og forudsætninger 29
5 Sundhedsøkonomiske omkostninger . 32
5.1 Direkte omkostninger . 32
5.1.1 Forbrug af medicin . 32
5.1.2 Forbrug af lægeydelser . 36
5.1.3 Tidsforbrug og transport 38
5.2 Indirekte omkostninger 38
5.2.1 Sygefravær og produktivitetsnedsættelse . 39
6 De økonomiske hovedresultater 45
6.1 Kasseopgørelse . 47
6.2 Generalisering til den samlede gruppe af allergikere . 49
7 Diskussion vedrørende design og analyse . 51
7.1 Intern validitet: . 51
7.1.1 Design . 52
7.1.2 Analyse . 56
7.1.3 Økonomi og QALY . 61
7.2 Ekstern validitet 64
7.3 Opsummering af validitet og generalisering. 66
8 Konklusion . 69
9 Bibliografi 70
 Note: -
 Type: Speciale
skjul Detaljer
Vis Detaljer

Kilde

Vis Kilde