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  Quantity vs. Quality of Children
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 Ophav:
Gustafsdottir, Thorunn Freyja1, Forfatter
Weisdorf, Jacob L. 2, Vejleder
Tilknytninger:
1Det Samfundsvidenskabelige Fakultet, Københavns Universitet, København, Danmark, diskurs:7001              
2Økonomisk Institut, Det Samfundsvidenskabelige Fakultet, Københavns Universitet, København, Danmark, diskurs:7014              
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Indhold

Ukontrollerede emneord: quantity-quality trade-off, children, unified growth theories, economic growth, unobserved effects, quantile regression
 Abstract: The aim of this thesis is to estimate whether there existed a trade-off between the quantity of children and their quality, in the historical England. Quality of children is traditionally measured in education or health. In this thesis, longevity is used as a proxy for health.
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MSc Thesis. Gustafsdottir.pdf (Hovedtekst)
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application/pdf / 979KB
Copyright dato:
2012-07-12
Copyright information:
De fulde rettigheder til dette materiale tilhører forfatteren.
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Basal

Bogmærk denne post: https://diskurs.kb.dk/item/diskurs:31488:3
 Type: Speciale
Alternativ titel: Evidence on the Relationship between Sibship Size and Health in the Historical England
Alternativ titel: Antal ​​børn vs. kvalitet
Alternativ titel: Analyse på forholdet mellem søskendestørrelse og deres helbred i det historiske England
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Sprog: English - eng
 Datoer: 2012-04-10
 Sider: -
 Publiceringsinfo: København : Københavns Universitet
 Indholdsfortegnelse: 1 INTRODUCTION. 5
2 BACKGROUND 7
2.1 THE THEORY OF QUANTITY VS. QUALITY OF CHILDREN . 7
2.1.1 The household model 7
2.1.2 Multiple fertility equilibrium models . 8
2.2 EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM PREVIOUS STUDIES . 11
2.2.1 Quantity vs. quality measured in education 11
2.2.2 Quantity vs. quality measured in health 15
2.2.3 Concluding remarks on the empirical literature reviewed 17
3 DATA. 19
3.1 THE FAMILY RECONSTITUTION FORM (FRF) 21
3.2 CENSORED DATA 22
3.3 IS SIBSHIP SIZE ENDOGENOUS TO LONGEVITY? . 25
3.3.1 Construction of the instrument . 27
3.3.2 Proxies for household characteristics 28
3.4 OCCUPATIONAL CLASSIFICATIONS . 29
3.5 LIMITATION OF DATA AND SUMMARIZED STATISTICS 31
4 ECONOMETRIC METHODS 35
4.1 UNOBSERVABLE EFFECTS 35
4.2 POOLED OLS 36
4.3 FIXED EFFECTS REGRESSION . 36
4.4 RANDOM EFFECTS REGRESSION 37
4.4.1 General least squares vs. maximum likelihood 38
4.5 ENDOGENEITY TREATED BY THE USE OF AN INSTRUMENTAL VARIABLE 39
4.6 METHODS FOR CENSORED DATA 40
4.7 QUANTILE REGRESSION 42
5 EMPIRICAL ANALYSES AND RESULTS 45
5.1 BIRTH ORDER EFFECT ESTIMATED BY FIXED EFFECTS APPROACH . 45
5.2 IV ESTIMATION AND ASSUMPTIONS TESTED 47
5.2.1 Testing assumptions and endogeneity of sibship size . 49
5.2.2 Concluding remarks on IV results and tests . 49
5.3 RANDOM EFFECTS (RE) VS. ORDINARY LEAST SQUARES (OLS) . 50
5.4 RANDOM EFFECTS – MAXIMUM LIKELIHOOD ESTIMATES (RE-ML) . 51
5.4.1 Robustness of the analysis 53
5.4.2 Changes in the demography of fertility in the 17th century 54
5.5 ANALYSES INCLUDING CENSORED OBSERVATIONS 56
5.5.1 The Malthusian fertility regime vs. the intermediate fertility regime . 57
5.6 QUANTILE REGRESSION; EFFECTS ACROSS THE LONGEVITY DISTRIBUTION 60
5.6.1 Regression based on extended sample 63
6 CONCLUSION 65
7 REFERENCES 67
APPENDIX 71
EQ. 1: THE HOUSEHOLD’S PROBLEM . 7
EQ. 2: AGE ADJUSTED FECUNDITY . 28
EQ. 3: A LINEAR REGRESSION ON LONGEVITY . 35
EQ. 4: THE UNOBSERVED EFFECTS MODEL . 35
EQ. 5: STRICT EXOGENEITY CONDITIONAL ON THE UNOBSERVED EFFECT 36
EQ. 6: POOLED OLS 36
EQ. 7: ASSUMPTION POOLED OLS . 36
EQ. 8: THE AVERAGE LINEAR UNOBSERVED EFFECT 37
EQ. 9: THE FE TRANSFORMED EQUATION . 37
EQ. 10: RE REGRESSION . 37
EQ. 11: RE ASSUMPTION, RANK CONDITION 38
EQ. 12: RE ASSUMPTION ON THE IDIOSYNCRATIC ERRORS 38
EQ. 13: PARTIAL LOG LIKELIHOOD 39
EQ. 14: THE JACKKNIFE ESTIMATOR . 39
EQ. 15: A TWO STAGE APPROACH TO INCLUDE AN INSTRUMENTAL VARIABLE . 40
EQ. 16: STANDARD CENSORED POOLED TOBIT MODEL 41
EQ. 17: UNOBSERVED EFFECTS TOBIT MODEL 41
EQ. 18: RE-TOBIT MODEL 41
EQ. 19: QUANTILE REGRESSION MINIMIZATION PROBLEM 42
 Note: -
 Type: Speciale
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