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  Stress & Samfund
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 Ophav:
Hylke, Mie Østergaard1, Forfatter
Sonne-Ragans, Vanessa 2, Vejleder
Tilknytninger:
1Det Samfundsvidenskabelige Fakultet, Københavns Universitet, København, Danmark, diskurs:7001              
2Institut for Psykologi, Det Samfundsvidenskabelige Fakultet, Københavns Universitet, København, Danmark, diskurs:7012              
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Indhold

Ukontrollerede emneord: Stress, eksistentialisme, samfund
 Abstract: Stress and society – from an existential phenomenological perspective
This thesis examinates the phenomenon of stress. It investigates which role late modern society, according to the existential phenomenological theories of van Deurzen, Spinelli and Yalom, plays in this phenomenon, as well as how to explain stress from this perspctive. The growing prevalence of stress has given way to much debate and discussion. For this reason, there are also several ways in which this phenomenon is defined and researched which, according to Køppe (2008), has lead to ”theoretical emptiness.” The thesis attempts to avoid this ”emptiness” by focusing on the existential phenomenological perspective. Three different theories of the subject are described, each with its own understanding of problematic phenomena such as stress. These are then used as tools to analyze the psychologists’ view of disorder. Additionally, these views will be analyzed by looking at several themes: Being, Freedom, Choice, Responsibility, Meaninglessness, Subjectiveness vs. Objectiveness, and Individuality vs. Connectedness. These themes have been described by existential and phenomological philosophers at the beginning of the 19th century, but are still relevant today, as well as useful means of understanding stress. Later, the thesis examines how late modern society is viewed by several sociologists, and which theories of the subject most commonly prevail. This is connected to the psychologists’ views on how society influences the individual’s experience of being. Finally, it is concluded that the psychologists’ place themselves between the humanistic and the liberal theories, and that stress therefore should be viewed as being affected by both inner and outer factors. However, the psychologists do not place themselves at the same place on this continuum. Still, they do all hold humanistic viewpoints, because society is viewed as radicalizing the existential phenomelogical themes, which can lead to discord. Therefore, this thesis offers a model which illustrates how society, through this radicalization, can lead to increased vulnerability to stress. The more liberal viewpoints are used in the final section, which addresses the therapeutic methods that are useful in treating stress, as seen through this model.
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Copyright dato:
2012-07-02
Copyright information:
De fulde rettigheder til dette materiale tilhører forfatteren.
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Bogmærk denne post: https://diskurs.kb.dk/item/diskurs:31394:2
 Type: Speciale
Alternativ titel: - I et eksistentielt fænomenologisk perspektiv
Alternativ titel: Stress & Society
Alternativ titel: - from an existential phenomenological perspective
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Detaljer

Sprog: Danish - dan
 Datoer: 2012-03-12
 Sider: -
 Publiceringsinfo: København : Københavns Universitet
 Indholdsfortegnelse: ABSTRACT 3
1. INTRODUKTION 4
1.1. PROBLEMFORMULERING 5
1.2. METODISK UDGANGSPUNKT 5
1.3. AFGRÆNSNING 7
1.4. BEGREBSAFKLARING 7
1.5. SPECIALETS OPBYGNING OG ANVENDTE TEORIER 8
2. TRE SUBJEKTSYN 10
2.1. DET LIBERALISTISKE SUBJEKTSYN 10
2.1.1. EN LIBERALISTISK OPFATTELSE AF STRESS 11
2.2. DET HUMANISTISKE SUBJEKTSYN 12
2.2.1. EN HUMANISTISK OPFATTELSE AF STRESS 12
2.3. DET MEKANICISTISKE SUBJEKTSYN 13
2.3.1. EN MEKANICISTISK OPFATTELSE AF STRESS 14
2.4. UDVIKLINGEN AF DE TRE SUBJEKTSYN 14
3. HERSKENDE STRESSPARADIGMER 16
3.1. DET BELASTNINGORIENTEREDE PARADIGME 16
3.2. DET COPINGORIENTEREDE
PARADIGME 17
3.3. DET PERSONLIGHEDSORIENTEREDE PARADIGME 17
3.4. DET ANERKENDENDE PARADIGME 18
3.5. DET PSYKOFYSIOLOGISKE PARADIGME 18
3.6. ITALESÆTTELSE AF STRESS 19
3.7. PSYKOLOGISKE SYMPTOMER PÅ STRESS 19
4. DEN EKSISTENTIELLE OG FÆNOMENOLOGISKE FILOSOFI 20
4.1. AT VÆRE 21
4.2. FRIHED 23
4.3. SUBJEKTIVISME VS. OBJEKTIVISME 24
4.4. INDIVIDUALITET VS. FORBUNDETHED 25
5. DEN EKSISTENTIELLE OG FÆNOMENOLOGISKE PSYKOLOGI 26
5.1. INTRODUKTION 26
5.2. EMMY VAN DEURZEN 28
5.3. IRVIN D. YALOM 30
5.4. ERNESTO SPINELLI 31
5.5. AFSLUTNING 33
6. EKSISTENTIELLE FÆNOMENOLOGISKE TEMAER OG SUBJEKTSYN 34
6.1. FRIHED OG VALG 35
6.1.1. MENNESKET SOM FRIT INDEN FOR RAMMERNE 35
6.1.2. MENNESKETS FRIHED SOM BEGRÆNSET AF DEN INDBYRDES FORBUNDETHED 36
6.1.3. MENNESKET SOM FRI SKABER AF SIN EGEN VERDEN 36
6.1.4. FRIHEDEN OG VALGETS KONSEKVENSER ‐ UBHAG 38
6.1.5. FRIHED & VALG ‐ SUBJEKTSYN & STRESS 39
6.2. ANSVAR 41
6.2.1. ANSVAR – SUBJEKTSYN & STRESS 43
6.3. MENING OG MENINGSLØSHED 44
6.3.1. MENING – SUBJEKTSYN 47
6.3.2. MENING ‐ STRESS 49
6.4. FORBUNDETHED VS. INDIVIDUALITET 50
6.4.1. FORBUNDETHED VS. INDIVIDUALITET – SUBJEKTSYN & STRESS 52
6.5. OBJEKTIVISME VS. SUBJEKTIVISME 53
6.5.1. OBJEKTIVISME VS. SUBJEKTIVISME ‐ SUBJEKTSYN 53
7. DET SENMODERNE SAMFUND 54
7.1. INDUVIDUALISERING 55
7.1.1. INDIVIDUALISERING SOM SKABENDE KULTURELLE DILEMMAER 56
7.1.2. INDIVIDUALISERING SOM STRIDENDE MOD VÆRENS NATUR 57
7.2. FRIHED, VALG & ANSVAR 58
7.3. MENING 60
7.3.1. OVERDREVEN AKTIVITET 60
7.3.2. ”LETHEDSPROBLEMATIKKEN” 62
7.3.3. SELVREALISERING 64
7.4. DET SENMODERNE SAMFUND – SUBJEKTSYN OG STRESS 66
8. EN TEORI OM STRESSFÆNOMENETS GRUNDSUBSTANS 67
8.1. OPSAMLING AF SUBJEKTSYN 67
8.2. OPSAMLING FOR STRESS 69
8.3. STRESSFÆNOMENETS GRUNDSUBSTANS 70
8.4. DISKUSSION AF STRESSMODEL 72
9. EN EKSISTENTIEL FÆNOMENOLOGISK TERAPEUTISK TILGANG TIL BEHANDLINGEN AF
STRESS 75
9.1. DET EKSISTENTIELLE PROJEKT 76
9.2. ANSVAR 77
9.3. AT FINDE MENING 78
9.3.1. MENING VIA KLARLÆGNING AF VÆRDIER 79
9.3.2. MENING GENNEM ENGAGEMENT 81
9.3.3. AT BRUGE FØLELSER SOM LEDETRÅDE TIL MENING 82
9.4. AT ACCEPTERE EKSISTENTEN/VÆRENS NATUR/ULTIMATIVE ANLIGGENDER 83
9.5. AFSLUTTENDE KOMMENTARER 84
10. LITTERATUR 85
 Note: -
 Type: Speciale
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