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  Demokrati efter de Arabiske Revolutioner?
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Ophav

 Ophav:
Kjærum, Alexander1, Forfatter
Bang, Henrik2, Vejleder
Tilknytninger:
1Det Samfundsvidenskabelige Fakultet, Københavns Universitet, København, Danmark, diskurs:7001              
2Institut for Statskundskab, Det Samfundsvidenskabelige Fakultet, Københavns Universitet, København, Danmark, diskurs:7003              
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Indhold

Ukontrollerede emneord: politisk kultur, egypten, mellemøsten, arabiske verden, demokrati
 Abstract: This thesis explores the Egyptians political culture and its anticipated effect on stability of democracy Egypt. The thesis uses the political culture theory as developed by Almond and Verba coupled with more recent developments within this theoretical field. The thesis thus looks into the Egyptians values and norms in relations to political competence, political support, political participation and social capital.
The conclusion of the analysis is that the political culture of the Egyptians will have a negative impact on the stability of democracy in Egypt. Overall the Egyptians are lacking in political competence, are split in their support for the overall political system and are very critical of the outputs of the political system. Furthermore they are not very active in political parties, voting, etc and they have a low degree of trust in other members of society. These trends in the political culture can roughly be traced back to two factors having an immense affect on the political culture: (1) the many years of authoritarian rule and (2) the culture associated with Islam. As shown in the discussion this however does not mean that neither an Islamic state nor authoritarian state will have better chances of being stable in Egypt.
The thesis furthermore shows that the revolution in Egypt was not about democracy as thought by many people in the Western world. The Egyptians are overall not mainly concerned with having their interest represented and thus acting on the input side of the political system. The Egyptians are mainly focused on having a political system that delivers on the output side, while at the same time representing their identity. This poses a challenge to the theoretical model of democracy as developed in Western political science, where democracy is mainly about interest representation on the input side of politics. Thus, there is a need to rethink our concept of democracy and our models for democratic political analysis in order to gain a better understanding of the wants and needs of the Egyptian population. The thesis thereby provides input to the current crisis of democracy in especially Europe, where technocratic rule is coming into favor to deal with the financial crisis.
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Speciale_v58.pdf (Hovedtekst)
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Offentlig
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application/pdf / 3MB
Copyright dato:
2012-06-14
Copyright information:
De fulde rettigheder til dette materiale tilhører forfatteren.
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Basal

Bogmærk denne post: https://diskurs.kb.dk/item/diskurs:31168:2
 Type: Speciale
Alternativ titel: Analyse af den politiske kultur i Egypten
Alternativ titel: Democracy after the Arabic Revolutions?
Alternativ titel: Analysis of the political culture in Egypt
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Detaljer

Sprog: Danish - dan
 Datoer: 2012-03-27
 Sider: -
 Publiceringsinfo: København : Københavns Universitet
 Indholdsfortegnelse: Abstract 2
1 Indledning . 2
1.1 Afgrænsninger 5
1.1 Opgavens struktur 6
2 Teori 7
2.1 Demokratiteori . 7
2.2 Almond og Verba og politisk kultur 9
2.3 Nyere udviklingen i politisk kultur forskningen .10
2.3.1 Politisk kompetence .10
2.3.2 Politisk støtte .11
2.3.3 Politisk deltagelse 13
2.3.4 Social kapital .15
2.4 Opsummering og analysedesign .17
3 Metode .18
3.1 Videnskabsteoretisk udgangspunkt 19
3.2 Case studie .20
3.2.1 Case valg .21
3.3 Forskningsstrategi .22
3.4 Datamateriale og indsamling22
3.5 Operationalisering .25
3.6 Databehandling .30
3.6.1 Kvantitative data 30
3.6.2 Kvalitativ data .35
3.7 Forskningskriterier 36
3.7.1 Pålidelighed .36
3.7.2 Gyldighed 36
4 Analyse .37
4.1 Politisk kompetence.38
4.1.1 Faktuel politisk viden .38
4.1.2 Kognitiv mobilisering 39
4.1.3 Politisk efficacy i Egypten 42
4.1.4 Opsummering 49
4.2 Politisk støtte .50
4.2.1 Diffus støtte .50
4.2.2 Specifik støtte 59
4.2.3 Opsummering 62
4.3 Politisk deltagelse 62
4.3.1 Formel politisk deltagelse 62
4.3.2 Uformel politisk deltagelse 67
4.3.3 Opsummering 73
4.4 Social kapital .73
4.4.1 Foreningsliv i Egypten .73
4.4.2 Tillid 77
4.4.3 Opsummering 80
4.5 Opsummering af analysen80
5 Diskussion 82
5.1 Islamisk stat? .83
5.2 ”Hellere 60 års tyranni end 1 dags anarki” - Stabil autoritær stat? 86
5.3 Opsummering 90
6 Konklusion og perspektivering 90
Bibliografi .95
Bilag: Transskriberede interviews . 102
 Note: -
 Type: Speciale
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