Money in action: private forest owners' decision-making
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Poleshuk, Darja Andrejevna1, Forfatter
Strange, Niels1, Vejleder
1Det Biovidenskabelige Fakultet, København, Danmark, diskurs:18              
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 Abstract: The role of money in forest owners' decision-making is investigated in this Masters Thesis. In Denmark monetary incentives are often used to motivate forest owners to perform pro-social practises. This does not always seem to be sufficient to reach publicly esired goals. To investigate what might change this, a literature study combined with a qualitative interview study has been performed. The literature study focuses on behaviour economic theories and findings. Here the theory about a social market and a monetary market together with the theory of motivation crowding is central. The two markets are characterised by different relationship norms that affect strategies. The Motivation Crowding theory focuses on how moving the locus of control can change efforts in relation to some actions. The behavioural theories are supplemented by studies about landholder motivations in relation to ro-socialbehaviour. The interview study is constructed on the theory about the two relationship markets and motivation crowding. Thirteen Danish forest owners participated in the interview study about what considerations laybehind different forest related decisions. The investigation contained both an open investigation of past decisions and practises in the forest and topics of a pro-social character. It was constructed in a way thatmitigated induction of crowding out effects from the structure of the interview. In the interview the effect of norms and relationships on decision making was investigated. One finding of the study was that owners often perceived monetary incentives from the state in voluntaryschemes as empowering. Therefore they did not crowd out motivation. Monetary compensation for more forced regulation could have a crowding out effect, though it could also protect from a perception of theregulation being too unfair. Option closure averseness, concerns about property rights and proper conduct of behaviour were found among the forest owners during the interview study. When money acts as an empowering tool it is of importance that the public schemes align, or at least do not counteract, the owners goals for the forest. Concerns of keeping the property together with the forest in the owner?s possession and passing it on was found to be very important for a part of the owners. Aesthetic concerns also had a heavy priority. Biological concerns wereoften seen as too complex and causalities too unclear to play a significant role for many of the forest owners. Areas heavily affected by monetary outputs, like use of pesticides and fertilizers, had many characteristics thatindicated they were perceived to be in a monetary market. Areas heavily affected by personal relationships had many characteristics that indicated they were perceived to be in a social market. Social market considerations were also found in relation to choices that were not perceived to entail a cost or a loss to the owner. Monetaryincentives seemed to have the potential to significantly affect practises in a monetary market. Decisions made in relation to the social market seemed to be heavily affected by whether a relationship were good or bad.What the forest owner perceived as desirable morally and society-wise did not have to correspond to public objectives. The forest owner?s individual approach and flexibility does however not necessarily pose a threat to socially desirable goals. The benefit of the diversity is that the owner has more insight into the relevantcontext of the decision and can secure different objectives in specific situations. The forest owners did expressunderstanding for some general regulation in securing important public goods.Money was in general found by the study to be able to play an aiding role in relation to achievement of publicgoals. Schemes that must be attractive for forest owners should however include other considerations like the owners' specific objectives, the tone of relationship, concerns about property rights and available options.
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 Type: Speciale
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Sprog: English - eng
 Datoer: 2012
 Sider: 181 pages
 Publiceringsinfo: København, Danmark : Skov & Landskab
 Indholdsfortegnelse: -
 Note: Forestry, Skovbrug
 Type: Speciale
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