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  Erindring i den gamle-nye by Bauhaus i Tel Aviv
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Ophav

 Ophav:
Bernitt, David 1, Forfatter
Reeh, Henrik 2, Vejleder
Tilknytninger:
1Det Humanistiske Fakultet, Københavns Universitet, København, Danmark, diskurs:7035              
2Institut for Kunst- og Kulturvidenskab, Det Humanistiske Fakultet, Københavns Universitet, København, Danmark, diskurs:7038              
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 Abstract: Memory in the old-new city: Bauhaus in Tel Aviv
Based on Zionism in 1908 Tel Aviv (meaning old-new land) became the construction of the 'First Hebrew City', which negated Jewish history of the diaspora as being merely extended in historic time and not in space. This refers to traditional Messianic belief that 'place' is an exclusively transcendent category based on Jewish culture as a cyclical structure of exile, which only can be ruptured by God's intervention. Tel Aviv's new cultural paradigm essentially suppressed the Messianic philosophy of time and space as well as the collective past of the immigrants. Hence the city progressively existed in a modernistic secular notion that the future should be constructed on a culturally blank slate striving for emancipation and a lack of collective memory of the diaspora in social discourse. Beginning in the early 1930s Bauhaus-architecture became the manifestation of Zionism's cultural paradigm trying to escape traces of history in urban space. Part of this strategy was to eliminate the traditionally hidden private sphere of Jewish culture by creating a sense of transparent crossings between home and street, which materialized in form of balconies and common areas under the houses raised on pillars. However it was especially the anonymous lack of ornaments on minimal white walls that, by creating an illusion of immaterial surfaces, not only gave a sense of the street penetrating the house but also a sense of rationality transcending history. This characteristic should be understood partly by the buildings' lack of ornamental cultural signifiers, and partly by the thesis of this paper; that collective memory is attached to historical traces in material objects of urban space. Though Tel Aviv celebrates itself as 'The White City', most of these building are presently decayed and modified by the owners through time. Inspired by the general writings of W. Benjamin and S. Kracauer I concluded that, between Zionism's abstract Bauhaus-discourse of urban space and the material decay intertwined in the improvised praxis of urban culture, the buildings appear as ornamental montages of Tel Aviv's history. Furthermore this cultural phenomenon essentially bring out the collectively inherent paradoxical cross between Messianic cyclical sense of history and Zionism's progressive notion of time.
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Forside.pdf (Bilag)
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Copyright dato:
2012
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Speciale.pdf (Hovedtekst)
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Bogmærk denne post: https://diskurs.kb.dk/item/diskurs:24209:4
 Type: Speciale
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Sprog: Danish - dan
 Datoer: 2011
 Sider: -
 Publiceringsinfo: København : Københavns Universitet
 Indholdsfortegnelse: -
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 Type: Speciale
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