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  Changing food preferences in 1-3-year-old children: a comparison of three methods
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 Ophav:
Kjær, Kirsten1, Forfatter
Olsen, Annemarie1, Vejleder
Møller, Per1, Vejleder
Tilknytninger:
1Det Biovidenskabelige Fakultet, København, Danmark, diskurs:18              
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 Abstract: Studies show that children?s consumption of vegetables do not meet the recommended amounts, due to several causes, such as an innate aversion towards bitter tastes. As preferences are formed in the first years oflife, eating vegetables should be learned from early childhood. The aim of this study is therefore to evaluate the effects of three learning strategies for preference changing in children aged 1-3- years, and evaluate the effects when dividing the subjects into age groups, 1-2-year-olds and 2-3-year-olds. The strategies are: Mere Exposure (MExp), Flavour-Flavour Learning (FFL) and Flavour-Nutrient Learning (FNL). This was done by exposing the subjects (n=167) to a novel stimulus. The subjects were divided into three exposure groups, which were randomized to a learning strategy. All subjects received the novel flavour, an artichoke mash, in an either unmodified version for MExp, added sugar for FFL, or added oil for FNL, and a control vegetable mash. Intake was used as a measurement for liking. The test was executed on 14 exposures: two baseline tests, on which all subjects received the same unmodified mash on one day and the control mash on the second day. The baseline tests were followed by an intervention phase with ten exposures to the mash modifiedaccording to the learning strategy. Post intervention tests followed, where subjects again were exposed to the unmodified mash and the control mash. The post intervention tests were used to measure changes in preferences. Multiple t-tests have been used to analyse the results. Results revealed significanceincreases in intake for both the MExp group, the FFL group and to a smaller extent the FNL group. When analysing intake for the age groups, significant increases were seen in both the 1-2-year-olds and 2-3-year-olds inboth MExp group and FFL group. However, results were only significant for the 1-2-yearolds in the FNL group. The results therefore suggest MExp and FFL as the most applicable learning strategies when changing preferences in 1-3-year-olds, and FNL when learning 1-2-year-olds to eat a novelvegetable.
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Basal

Bogmærk denne post: https://diskurs.kb.dk/item/diskurs:19233:2
 Type: Speciale
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Detaljer

Sprog: English - eng
 Datoer: 2011
 Sider: 62 pages
 Publiceringsinfo: København, Danmark : Institut for Fødevarevidenskab
 Indholdsfortegnelse: -
 Note: Gastronomy and Health, Gastronomi og Sundhed
 Type: Speciale
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