Perspectives of increased utilisation of lesser used wood species from Bolivia: a study on commercialisation of LUS in Santa Cruz department
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Schiøtz, Martin1, Forfatter
Helles, Finn1, Vejleder
1Det Biovidenskabelige Fakultet, København, Danmark, diskurs:18              
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 Abstract: Increasing markets for Lesser Used Species (LUS) in Bolivia implies not only an importantcontribution to the economy of indigenous people in Bolivia, but also for the forestry sector. TheLUS are frequently argued as means for promoting sustainable management of tropical forestswhich would otherwise be at risk of conversion to agricultural or other non-forestry uses due topoor financial returns from forestryIn the present study, the Bolivian forestry sector is investigated with special emphasis on localproducers and supply of LUS. The investigation has revealed that:1). In spite of scarcity, the traditional species: Mara, Cedro, and Roble are still strongly preferred bythe local and international market. In Santa Cruz, 17 species can be regarded as commercial withstrong demand on the local market. However, approximately 20 other lesser known species werefrequently used, either for construction or as substitutes for the commercial species.2) There are numerous barriers for improved utilisation of LUS. In the literature, the barriers areoften mentioned to be lack wood property information and deselection by international buyers dueto lack of knowledge and understanding. However, the present study shows, that low Boliviancompetitiveness, lack of workers, outdated machinery, poor infrastructure and an unorganisedforestry sector limit the production in the first place. Furthermore, the potential of the growing stockmay be less than expected by Bolivian forestry sector. In Chiquitaná, Bolivia's most timberproducing region, the growth rates are low and the trees have poor stem shape and volumecompared to international standards. In spite of the great species diversity in Bolivia, no abundantspecies have the same favourable wood properties as Mahogany and Teak and the lack of woodprocessing information impede the quality of the manufacture of LUS.There are no easy ways to overcome these barriers. In the short term, development of a nationalLUS promotion strategy, better organisation of the forestry sector, education and markettransparency for the local producers could improve and focus the manufacture of LUS forinternational markets. In the longer term, the utilisation of Bolivian LUS depends on theinternational wood market. If international wood resources get scarce or world prices rise, Bolivianforests may attract more investments and markets.3) The species utilised in Bolivia represent a combination of abundance, workability and durability.The low production capacity causes that harvest and processing are highly concentrated on the mostcommercial species. The commercial species counted hard, semi-hard and soft wood species. Softand semi-hard species were used for both construction and furniture, whereas the hardwoods wereused for construction and flooring. The species promoted for export should be durable hardwoodspecies which are not directly competing with mass-produced low-price softwood species on theinternational market. The prospect of enhanced utilisation of LUS depends on the world marketprices of wood and investments in the Bolivian forestry sector.
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 Type: Speciale
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Sprog: English - eng
 Datoer: 2008
 Sider: 76 pages
 Publiceringsinfo: København, Danmark : Skov & Landskab
 Indholdsfortegnelse: -
 Note: Agricultural Development, Agricultural Development
 Type: Speciale
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