Policies influence on the shift to cash crop agriculture: the case of central Manggarai
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West Andersen, Lars1, Forfatter
Schmidt, Lars1, Vejleder
Nathan, Iben1, Vejleder
1Det Biovidenskabelige Fakultet, København, Danmark, diskurs:18              
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 Abstract: The shift from subsistence to cash crop cultivation is essential in the development of rural areas. The shift is also important for creating a division of labour and thereby for the establishment and growth of other sectors, especially in isolated areas. In this thesis the shift from subsistence to cash crop cultivation is analysed based on a case study in a remote part of Indonesia mainly dominated by subsistence agriculture to identify what influences the shift. This is done to identify how the different policies influencing rural farmers in a remote part of Indonesia affect the shift. First part of the analysis therefore analyses what factors influences farmers shift towards cash crop cultivation. The situation is different in the individual case study sub-villages with respect to constraining factors that keep them from shifting further towards cash crops cultivation. Basically it seems though that the main important factor in making peasants focus more on cash crops seem to be incentives or a ?culturallydetermined standard of living?. Peasants will increase cultivation if they estimate that the income they can get extra is worth the investment of extra time spent. Therefore increases in potential income can make peasants increase cultivation of cash crops. Peasants are also influenced by their surroundings which mean that if their surroundings seem to have higher income and luxury goods this will increase their incentive as well to increase income. As peasants income raises their risk averseness diminishes and they are able to specialize more and make investments in activities which can bring the farmers the highest income. Specialization will thereby mean increased focus on cash crops as well as other non agricultural activities and at the same time make a more optimal use of the resources they have available.The second part then analyses the effect policies seem have on the local farmers and peasants based on the findings of the first part of what is important for the shift to take place in the individualsub-villages in the case study. Generally the policies seem though to bias against agriculture as they mainly seem to be focused on providing cheap food. Cheap food seem mainly to be the governments effort as poor people especially in the cities seem to believe that it is the governments responsibility to secure affordable food prices. These policies though affect especially rice cultivating farmers as their incentives are decreased as the government is afraid of riots among the people in the cities if prices for the people?s main stable food rise. Therefore this has a negative effect on the farmers shift to focus on cash crops cultivation and on the development of the rural area.
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 Type: Speciale
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Sprog: English - eng
 Datoer: 2008
 Sider: 108 pages
 Publiceringsinfo: København, Danmark : Skov & Landskab
 Indholdsfortegnelse: -
 Note: Agricultural Development, Agricultural Development
 Type: Speciale
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