Forest dependency in a heavily deforested area in west Africa: a case study from high forest zone in Ghana
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Malinen, Marika1, Forfatter
Smith-Hall, Carsten1, Vejleder
1Det Biovidenskabelige Fakultet, København, Danmark
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 Abstract: Forests and natural resources provide an important source oflivelihood for many rural households in developing countries.However, the resource is currently declining due to rapid deforestation and forest degradation caused by several factors. Simultaneously, a major part of people in rural areas keeps on being highly dependent on the resource.The aim of the study was to record the current household level forest dependency of a rural community in Ghana living in a highlydeforested area. Moreover, the study looked into the impacts, occurred responses and future response possibilities to forest product decline caused by forest degradation. The data was collected using a questionnaire for a household survey supported by PRAs and topic focused group discussions.Forest and tree products form an essential part of local livelihoods in the study area. The most important forest product for the households is fuel wood, followed by forest foods and construction material. Hence, the community keeps on being highly dependent on the degrading resource. It is shown that forest and tree products contribute remarkably to the total income of the households. Moreover, the forest cash income was demonstrated to form an important part of the households’ total cash income. Interestingly, however, the traditional forest products were mainly collected from the farmlands instead forests. When it comes to the impacts of forest degradation and deforestation it was apparent that the decline in forest product availability has had impacts on the local livelihoods. Consequently, a major part of the households had changed theirbehaviour accordingly, and responded to the decline in forest product availability. Nevertheless, it remained clear that households had been negatively affected by the degradation of the resource they keep being highly dependent on.Although the linkage of forest loss and poverty is extremely complex, it can be stated that while poverty adds to the loss of forest resource, the resource degradation further deteriorates the situation of the poor. Therefore, case specific win-win situations are to be sought in order to combine poverty reduction and resource conservation aiming to achieve economically and environmentally sustainable long term use of forest resources.
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 Type: Speciale
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Sprog: English - eng
 Datoer: 2009
 Sider: 116 pages
 Publiceringsinfo: København, Danmark : Skov & Landskab
 Indholdsfortegnelse: -
 Note: Agricultural Development, Agricultural Development
 Type: Speciale
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