Assessment of forest extension service delivery in Tanzania: implications to participatory forest management in Iringa district, Iringa region
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Wordofa, Muluken Gezahegn1, Forfatter
Larsen, Helle Overgaard1, Vejleder
1Det Biovidenskabelige Fakultet, København, Danmark
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 Abstract: There is a growing global realization about the importance of Participatory Forest Management (PFM) in enhancing the participation of forest adjacent communities in forest management and benefit-sharing. As a strategy to achieve sustainable forest management and improve forest-dependent livelihoods, PFM has been implemented in Tanzania for over a decade. And to accelerate the PFM activities, forest extension services have been organized and delivered to community members by District Forest Office (DFO). In the extension service delivery, however, there were criticisms of ineffectiveness and corrupt behaviors of some extension agents (EAs). The push-/pull-factors for such motives were not systematically documented. Furthermore, there were no previous studies conducted to assess forest extension service delivery in PFM especially in Iringa Region. Therefore, this study was conducted with the aim of identifying current forest extension services delivered to communities and community demands for extension services; comparing extension services and working conditions of Professional Extension Agents (PEAs) and Non-Professional Extension Agents (NPEAs); and finding out factors adversely influencing extension services of the EAs. Sixteen EAs were selected purposely, and 80 households (HHs) were selected through Probability Proportional to Size (PPS) sampling technique. Qualitative and quantitative data relevant to achieve the objectives of the study were gathered from the respondents using questionnaires and semi-structured interview guidelines.The results of the study indicate that forest extension services provided to community members by NPEAs were more responsive to community demands than that of PEAs. However, there exists a huge overall mismatch between community demands for extension services and current extension services delivered to them. It can be concluded, hence, that the current extension services are supply-led rather than demand-driven. On the other hand, comparison of working conditions of EAs shows that PEAs and NPEAs varied greatly in extension service delivery than in participation in trainings and seminars. For example, there are statistically highly significant differences between PEAs and NPEAs in relation to amount of per-diem per day, distance of the nearest HH addressed, and area of operation from office. The study also revealed that even though there were variations between PEAs and NPEAs as regards to frequency of contact with community members, the differences were not statistically significant. In addition to these, variations between the EAs were observed in matters such as: transport and accommodation arrangements, involvement in non-extension activities, pattern of linkages with other organizations, and source of extension information. Furthermore, the study also shows that forest extension services in the study area were affected adversely by: low number of EAs, inadequate per-diem and incentives for EAs, inadequate budget for extension, poor community participation, shortage of transport, lack of (higher) education opportunities for EAs, and involvement of EAs in non-extension activities. To improve extension services in PFM in the study area, therefore, it is suggested that: planning of extension services should take into consideration community demands for extension message; capacity building activities (e.g., through trainings and seminars) be done especially to NPEAs; and since challenges facing the EAs are different for PEAs and NPEAs, agent-specific measures should be taken to improve the working environment of the EAs. It is also recommended that further studies should be conducted on performance and impact of forest extension systems on rural livelihoods, compared to that of agricultural extension systems in the area.
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 Type: Speciale
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Sprog: English - eng
 Datoer: 2010
 Sider: 76 pages
 Publiceringsinfo: København, Danmark : Skov & Landskab
 Indholdsfortegnelse: -
 Note: Forestry and Landscape Engineer, Skov- og landskabsingeniør
 Type: Speciale
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