Climate change and rural livelihoods in Tanzania: a case study of Ibuti and Majawanga
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More, Amruta Madhukar1, Forfatter
Treue, Thorsten1, Vejleder
1Det Biovidenskabelige Fakultet, København, Danmark
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 Abstract: The World is facing problems due to climate change and research attempts are made globally to study climate change impacts. It is clear from the literature that climate change mostly affects rural communities, especially those who are living below poverty line and their livelihood strategies are affected due to changes in the climate. Livelihoods of people in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are already facing impacts of climate change. This is proved well by studies conducted in Sub-Saharan Africa to assess climate change impacts on the livelihoods of people at macro-level. However, very few research attempts have been made to carry the same study at micro-level. The present study focuses on the impacts of climate change on the rural livelihoods predominantly agriculture of rural people in Ibuti and Majawanga village, Tanzania. Formal and non- formal interviews with farmers, key informants and local authorities were carried out during the field study. Secondary data was collected from the district offices. The temperature and rainfall data was collected from the nearest weather stations. The objective of this research was to determine the ability of farmers in both the villages to detect climate change and their coping strategies in response to it. The study indicates how farmers perceive climate change and have responded to it by diversifying their livelihoods such as livestock production, engaging in daily wage employment, seasonal migrations, selling crops, remittances and adopting farm practices such as switching crops, using drought tolerant species, intercropping and using short maturity variety seeds. Considering the current impacts of climate change in the study area, study concludes that poor farmers in the study area need external help and support to effectively cope with changing climate and to adapt to current and future climate change. Direct and indirect financial help from government agencies and policy changes need to be made to assist poor farmers. An efficient and equitable marketing system would benefit farmers in the study area. By adopting seasonal water harvesting practices such as roof water harvesting, water catchments would be particularly beneficial for poor farmers. Educating farmers through training and workshops would be an important step towards efficient adaptation measures.
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 Type: Speciale
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Sprog: English - eng
 Datoer: 2009
 Sider: 82 pages
 Publiceringsinfo: København, Danmark : Skov & Landskab
 Indholdsfortegnelse: -
 Note: Agricultural Development, Agricultural Development
 Type: Speciale
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