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  PES carbon impacts on poverty in rural Tanzania: the case of farmers in Majawanga village
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 Ophav:
Caraan, Reymondo A.1, Forfatter
Lund, Jens Friis1, Vejleder
Tilknytninger:
1Det Biovidenskabelige Fakultet, København, Danmark
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 Abstract: Along with the widespread interest in the implementation of Payment for Environmental Services (PES) are growing claims that PES carbon contributes to poverty reduction in developing countries. However, some studies show otherwise. Using quasi experimental designs and counterfactual thinking, this thesis investigates a seven year old PES carbon and its impacts on poverty reduction among tree growers in a farming village in Tanzania. Results from the combined participatory rural appraisal, interviews, and survey involving 27 PES households and 30 comparison households reveal that PES carbon has no significant impact in reducing poverty. Indicators such as assets, income, and wellbeing do not show significant difference between the two groups. Although assets and wellbeing of PES households have improved over the seven year period and that their current incomes are higher than PES households, the differences observed are attributed more to other factors than PES. Confounding factors include tree planting project, credit facilities, and unequal land and livestock ownership. As the level of amount of PES is identified as a crucial factor in the success of PES as a poverty reduction tool, this study recommends that the amount of PES should be increased to a level acceptable to all stakeholders involved, at par with successful PES of similar scheme, and higher than the opportunity cost of the land and land use change. Moreover, poverty reduction in rural Tanzania should focus on micro level process and must initiate an enabling environment that favours the flourishing of monetized activities, such as small scale enterprises and PES.
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Offentlig
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application/pdf / 3MB
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Basal

Bogmærk denne post: https://diskurs.kb.dk/item/diskurs:12602:1
 Type: Speciale
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Detaljer

Sprog: English - eng
 Datoer: 2010
 Sider: 83 pages
 Publiceringsinfo: København, Danmark : Skov & Landskab
 Indholdsfortegnelse: -
 Note: Forestry, Skovbrug
 Type: Speciale
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