The effect of rural land registration and certification programme on farmers’ investments in soil conservation and land management in the central rift valley of Ethiopia
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Giri, Sabita1, Forfatter
Nathan, Iben1, Vejleder
Kessler, Aad1, Vejleder
1Det Biovidenskabelige Fakultet, København, Danmark
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 Abstract: Land degradation is a major problem in almost all the countries. In most of the developing countries, population pressure and small farm sizes, land tenure insecurity, land redistribution, limited access to credits and limited education are the factors leading to unsustainable land management. In Ethiopia, among many factors, tenure insecurity is considered as a main problem for land degradation. The frequent land redistribution and the changing pattern of land ownership with the change in Government made the farmers insecure of their land resulting in not making land related investments. Considering this fact, the Government of Ethiopia started the Rural Land Registration and Certification Programme (RLRCP) since 1998/99 to provide land titling and tenure security to the farmers. The studies conducted to show the relation between tenure security and investments on land management show mixed results. There are cases where tenure security plays role in making investments on land management and there are also cases where tenure security has no any role in making such investments which made it difficult to draw a conclusion. In Ethiopia, even though most of the studies showed a positive influence of certificates in providing tenure security and investments on land management, most studies are concentrated only in Amhara and Tigaray regions. So this study was carried out in SNNP and Oromia region where RLRCP has been implemented since 2004 to analyse its the initial impacts on investments in soil and land management and also to assess the perceptions of farmers about tenure security after getting land certificates. The main source of this study was primary data collected from eighty HHs, forty from each study area and the quantitative and qualitative data were gathered from the respondents using questionnaires, group discussion and interviews.The results of the study indicate that the farmers perceive the importance of certificates in providing tenure security and land ownership. About the investments, it shows two different results for two study area. In Worja, where majority of the farmers acquired their land through redistribution, farmers feel more secure of their land after getting land certificates which motivated them to make land related investments. Generally when tenure security is concerned, more focus is given on long term investments on land and short- term investments are linked with insecure land tenure. But here tenure security is affecting not only long term investments but also short term investments like traditional ditches and soil bunds. In case of Beressa, the case is different where even though farmers perceive the importance of certificates, majority of them are not practicing soil and land management due to certificates. They were managing land before getting certificates and seemed to be more motivated by the extension services. Tree plantation which is considered as a long term investment on land is not affected by tenure security in both study areas. In Worja, even deforestation is considered as a main reason for erosion, very rare tree plantation has been found except for the naturally grown ones. The main reason for not planting trees is the lack of water. Other land practice such as crop rotation and intercropping are not influenced by tenure security and fallowing is not practiced due to shortage of land. Besides, certificates, there are certain other factors like land characteristics (slope of the plot, erosion and erosion extent) and household characteristic (education) that are affecting investments on land management. Farmers generally construct soil conservation practices in those plots where they feel erosion is a problem. In overall the influence of tenure security in making investments on land for soil conservation is found to be very less in Beressa whereas the influence is more in Worja.
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 Type: Speciale
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Sprog: English - eng
 Datoer: 2010
 Sider: 80 pages
 Publiceringsinfo: København, Danmark : University of Copenhagen
 Indholdsfortegnelse: -
 Note: Agricultural Development, Agricultural Development
 Type: Speciale
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