Kritik af det gode erindringssted
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Quistgaard, Rasmus A. F. 1, Forfatter
Borggren, Gunhild2, Vejleder
1Det Humanistiske Fakultet, Københavns Universitet, København, Danmark, diskurs:7035              
2Institut for Kunst- og Kulturvidenskab, Det Humanistiske Fakultet, Københavns Universitet, København, Danmark, diskurs:7038              
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 Abstract: According to a number of scholars it is possible to observe a speed-up of everyday life and transformation of society on one hand and a big variety of what Andreas Huyssen has named memory culture on the other. For Andreas Huyssen the big number of memory places such as museums, monuments, artistic and literary representations of the past can be understood as instruments of slowing down the increasing pace of society; as medicine against the gap between past and present - cultural amnesia. Seen in this perspective memory sites are anchoring points for orientation today and therefore legitimated by Huyssen’s theory. The theory, it is shown, both relies on memory sites as the foundation of an anchoring of the present in the past and values this anchoring as a positive thing and can therefore be termed a theory of the good memory site. However, this thesis identifies a paradox in Huyssen’s theory. His understanding of memory sites relies on the French historian Pierre Noras concept of lieux de memoire, but the conception of Nora’s memory sites, which are perceived as leftovers from the past in themselves, contradicts Huyssen’s practical definition of memory sites. Huyssen’s way of diagnosing the problem today as well as his own examples make it clear that the issue is not phenomena which in themselves represent a connection with the past, but present-day constructions of the continuity between now and then. The thesis applies the German sociologist Gerhard Schulze’s analysis of "experience society" as background description for a conception of contemporary memory sites to develop a new understanding of memory sites which is in tune with the subject matter of Huyssen’s theory. It investigates this new conception of memory sites theoretically by reading Hue-Tam Ho Tai’s critical review of Nora’s concept as an analysis of a key aspect of experience-rational memory places, namely that their construction implies not only inclusion of specific parts of the past, but also exclusion. Consequently, the thesis’ theoretical critique of experience-rational memory sites suggests that their construction of the relation between past and present is amnesial and therefore not reliable as medicine against cultural amnesia. The theoretical critique is operationalized in an analysis of the newly opened New Acropolis Museum in Athens to illustrate that this example can be seen as a falsification of Huyssen’s theory of the good memory site. Both the present-day construction of the memory site and its amnesial representation of the continuity between Acropolis’ classical past and the present reveals itself in the project as it is presented to the public in its physical form and textual presentation. Much is at stake in this example, because not only is the subject matter of this museum the almost globally distributed idea of the Athenian roots of democratic culture, modern Greek history contains severe challenges to the idea of democratic continuity across 2500 years in Athens. If the experience-rational memory site in Athens leaves out important parts of modern Greece’s undemocratic history from its construction it can hardly be legitimated as a "good memory site".
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 Type: Speciale
Alternativ titel: en undersøgelse af oplevelsesrationelle erindringssteder, eksemplificeret ved Ny Akropolis Museum i Athen
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Sprog: Danish - dan
 Datoer: 2010-08-01
 Sider: -
 Publiceringsinfo: København : Københavns Universitet
 Indholdsfortegnelse: -
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 Type: Speciale
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